Policy responses for Denmark - HSRM


Policy responses for Denmark

1. Preventing transmission

The section on PREVENTING TRANSMISSION includes information on key public health measures that aim to prevent the further spread of the disease. It details how countries are advising the general public and people who (might) have the disease to prevent further spread, as well as measures in place to test and identify cases, trace contacts, and monitor the scale of the outbreak.

1.1 Health communication

The Danish Health Authority has not published regular, standardized reports on the epidemic since June 10, like it did at the beginning of the epidemic.

July 14: Updated leaflets and posters aimed at tourists in Denmark on COVID-19 are available in nine languages: English, Finnish, French, Icelandic, Norwegian, Spanish and Swedish (https://www.sst.dk/da/Udgivelser/2020/COVID-19-Information-til-turister-i-Danmark).

July 30: The Danish Health Authority published new or revised versions of the following leaflets or posters in Arab, English, Farsi, Kurdish, Polish, Somali, Tigrinya, Turkish and Urdu:
- What to do if you have symptoms of COVID-19
- What to do if you test positive for novel coronavirus
- What to do if you are a close contact of a person who has tested positive for novel coronavirus
- How to use a face mask.

August 24-25: The Danish Health Authority published three films in Arab, Somali and Urdu on prevention and symptoms of COVID-19 and on what to do in case of infection (https://www.sst.dk/da/Udgivelser/2020/Film-paa-arabisk-om-coronavirus;
https://www.sst.dk/da/Udgivelser/2020/Saddex-filim-oo-ku-saabsan-coronavirus-ka-af-soomaali; https://www.sst.dk/da/Udgivelser/2020/Film-paa-urdu-om-coronavirus

A version of the leaflet ‘What to do if you are a close contact…’ and a poster on keeping your distance were published in Greenlandic on August 18, and in Faroese on August 31 (https://www.sst.dk/da/Udgivelser/2020/Til-dig-der-er-naer-kontakt-til-person-med-ny-coronavirus; https://www.sst.dk/da/Udgivelser/2020/Hold-afstand).

September 1: The Danish Health Authority published a leaflet aimed at young people with advice on how to prevent infection with COVID-19 (https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Ung-under-covid/Ung-under-COVID19.ashx?la=da&hash=FD526065FFEF093121F3F86E804FEE944CEC71B2).

On September 9, the Danish Health Authority published advice to parents with small children on how to care for children with symptoms of COVID-19 and children returned from school due to other pupils having symptoms of COVID-19 (https://admin.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Gode-raad-skal-vejlede-foraeldre-med-boern-i-dagtilbud-og-skoler-om-sygdom-og-hjemsendelse).

On September 11, the Danish Health Authority published two handbooks on prevention of COVID-19 in offices and public spaces, respectively (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Saadan-undgaar-du-smitte-med-COVID-19-paa-kontoret-og-i-det-offentlige-rum).

By September 23, the Ministry of Education has sent out an email to all parents with children in public or private schools (aged approximately 6-16 years) emphasizing the recent developments with rising numbers of infected people, of which a large proportion are children and young persons aged 10-29 years. The Ministry of Education asks parents to talk to their child/children about corona virus and the risk of infection. Moreover, parents are advised to cancel all social events related to school, leisure activities and youth education. The measures apply until 4 October 2020 (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Sociale-arrangementer-ifm-dagtilbud-skoler-og-andre-boer-aflyses-i-den-kommende-tid). Finally, the Ministry recommends that parents tell children with a cell phone to download the ‘infection stop’ app.

The major of the Municipality of Copenhagen has sent an e-mail with similar recommendations to all parents with children in the schools in Copenhagen (September 15).

September 28: the Danish Health Authority recommended older people to take advantage of the offer of free immunization against influenza, as a combination of infection with influenza and COVID-19 may worsen the patient’s prognosis (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Influenzasaesonen-staar-for-doeren-Det-er-ekstra-vigtigt-at-huske-vaccinationen-i-aar).

The Danish Health Authority has translated COVID-19 information material, posters, etc. into a number of languages and produced short informative videos with presentations by medical doctors in Arabic, Urdu, Somali and Farsi and more will follow (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Sundhedsstyrelsen-styrker-informationen-om-COVID-19-til-borgere-med-anden-etnisk-baggrund-end-dansk ).
See also: https://www.sst.dk/da/udgivelser.

From October 12, vulnerable persons will be able to receive a badge with an icon indicating that they are particularly vulnerable to the coronavirus and that one must keep their distance in order not to expose them to the risk of infection. The idea for a badge comes from the Danish Handicap Organizations, and the badge can be picked up at the pharmacy or ordered via a number of patient associations' websites

On October 15, the Danish health Authority published several videos on the use of face masks in a number of languages

Official advice on hand hygiene, respiratory etiquette and physical distancing has been issued, and is available through the offical website for The Danish Health Authority (https://www.sst.dk/corona or https://www.sst.dk/corona/faq#corona-faq-raad). Further, each citizen has received information at home by post on prevention of COVID-19. All mobile phone users have received a text message on prevention of COVID-19 (20-22 March).

Information on outbreak severity and responses is updated daily, and available at the Official web site for The Danish Health Authority (https://www.sst.dk/corona) and a new website, that serves as an entry to all relevant public authorities (https://politi.dk/coronavirus-i-danmark). This information is also conveyed to the public via national TV and radio news.

Almost once a week, the Danish Health Authority publishes a more detailed report on the epidemic, including: a background chapter, a review of the epidemic’s development, initiatives introduced during the past week, a forecast on the epidemic’s development, and a chapter on strategy and focus areas. The latest report (June 10) covers the fifteenth week of the epidemic:
https://www.sst.dk/da/Udgivelser/2020/COVID-19-Status-paa-15-epidemiuge. All reports are available from this homepage: https://www.sst.dk/da/corona/Materialer.

The Danish Health Authority emphasizes that Denmark operates with a mitigation strategy. The goal is to get through the epidemic without overloading the health system (April 20).

Information for specific groups

On April 3, the Danish Health Authority published a leaflet on reducing exaggerated anxiety (health anxiety) due to fear of COVID-19 (https://www.sst.dk/da/Udgivelser/2020/Pjece-Ny-coronavirus-og-frygt-for-sygdom), and on April 15, the Danish Health Authority published a leaflet specifically aimed at parents with psychologically vulnerable children and adolescents (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Gode-raad-til-familier-med-boern-og-unge-med-psykisk-saarbarhed).

On May 4, the Danish Health Authority revised their recommendations to persons in higher risk of Covid-19, including the definition of being at higher risk and the recommendations on physical distancing (see Section 1.2).

A major part of the official information from the Danish authorities on COVID-19 is available in English here: https://politi.dk/en/coronavirus-in-denmark