Policy responses for Denmark - HSRM

Denmark


Policy responses for Denmark

1.2 Physical distancing

Physical distancing measures have been implemented progressively in Denmark. In particular:

March 3: The Danish National Health Authority recommends all citizens who have been in China, Iran, parts of South Korea or four regions in Italy to stay in self-isolation at home. Employees in the healthcare sector are imposed to stay at home for two weeks if they have been in any of these areas. The government urges Danish companies to pay the corresponding salary to employees who choose to stay at home for two weeks after a visit to the Corona-afflicted areas.

March 6: The government urges all activities with more than 1,000 people to be postponed or cancelled for the rest of March. The Danish Health Authority calls on citizens to stop greetings that involve shaking hands, kissing and hugging.

March 13: All non-critical public sector employees are required to work from home until 30 March. In addition, private sector firms are asked to use work-at-home as much as possible. Child care facilities, schools, universities and other educational institutions are closed (converted to online/digital teaching). Public culture and sports facilities are closed. Assemblies of more than 100 persons are strongly discouraged.

March 14: Danish borders are closed. Danish citizens and foreign citizens with a recognized purpose are still able to enter Denmark. Deployed soldiers are not allowed to return to Denmark on leave for the foreseeable (short-term) future.

March 18: Further limitations on gatherings are implemented (more than 10 persons prohibited). Restaurants, shopping centers, sports facilities, shops and businesses with close contact are closed. All religious confirmation ceremonies are postponed to after Pentecost in the beginning of June. Hospitals and nursing homes, etc., may reduce access by visitors to reduce the risk of transmission (https://www.retsinformation.dk/Forms/R0710.aspx?id=213463" https://www.retsinformation.dk/Forms/R0710.aspx?id=213463 – revised on April 4: https://www.retsinformation.dk/eli/lta/2020/371). Prisons do not receive new prisoners, do not allow visits to prisoners, and do not allow prisoners to go on leave (https://www.kriminalforsorgen.dk/corona/). Dentists are required to close their clinics for all non-acute patients for the next three months (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/indland/nu-er-det-slut-med-tandlaegebesoeg-epidemien-stopper-alle-ikke-kritiske-behandlinger). Further, the Danish Health Authority offers individual recommendations to dormitories on how to reduce the risk of transmission of COVID-19.

March 23: The partial shut down of Denmark was prolonged until April 13.

March 31: The Danish Parliament passed an act providing the government with the right to forbid gatherings of more than two people in public places - so far the government has not utilized this opportunity:
https://www.retsinformation.dk/eli/ft/201913L00158

April 1: The Danish Health Authority published a guideline for practicing specialists recommending that they avoid examining or treating patients face-to-face in their practice and, if possible, to use telephone or video links:
https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Praktiserende-speciallaeger-faar-nye-rolle-under-COVID-19-epidemien

April 6: Most elements of the partial shutdown were prolonged to May 10.  However, the Prime Minister also announced a gradual re-opening of society would occur in phases, starting on April 15.

April 21: Following up on media reports about congestion in buses, the government has forbidden bus operators from selling tickets to more than 50% of the seats in each departure (https://www.trm.dk/nyheder/2020/ny-bekendtgoerelse-om-tilladt-maksimalbelaegning-i-fjernbusser/).

April 25: For the first time, the police closed public access to a public outdoor area, a shopping area on the Island of Rømø in southwestern Denmark, because too many people gathered in the area, breaking the ban on gatherings of more than 10 people (https://politi.dk/syd-og-soenderjyllands-politi/nyhedsliste/midlertidigt-opholdsforbud-ved-lakolk-butikscenter/2020/04/25). On April 23, following a day with sunny weather and high temperatures, the head of the police had already warned that unless people observed the ban, the police would close some public areas (https://nyheder.tv2.dk/samfund/2020-04-23-politiet-varsler-nye-tiltag-vil-forhindre-for-store-forsamlinger). On April 24, the police published a list of such 'hotspots' (https://politi.dk/rigspolitiet/nyhedsliste/her-er-politiets-corona-hotspots/2020/04/24). On June 2, following a Pentecost weekend with sunny and warm weather, the police has prohibited temporary stay at a popular suntanning and swimming place (Nordhavn, Copenhagen) for two days (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/koebenhavns-politi-indfoerer-opholdsforbud-paa-sandkaj-goeteborg-plads/2020/06/02).


May 4: The Danish Health Authority has revised their recommendations to persons in higher risk based on the current available knowledge about COVID-19. Persons in high risk are now: persons aged 70+, especially 80+; persons aged 65+ with chronic disease(s); persons at residential homes; persons with obesity (BMI˂30 + chronic disease(s) or BMI˂35); persons with certain chronic disease(s); certain children with a chronic disease; persons without permanent residence; pregnant women (according to the precautionary principle).

In order to mitigate the negative mental health consequences of the recommended preventive measures, the Danish Health Authority states that it is acceptable to hug your closest relatives, for example, partner, children and grandchildren, but underscores that handshakes, kisses on cheeks and hugs to anyone other than closest relatives should be avoided (https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Haandtering-af-COVID-19/Personer-med-%C3%B8get-risiko/Haandtering-af-COVID-19-Anbefalinger-til-personer-i-oeget-risiko.ashx?la=da&hash=18DA603035A48EA9E44DE91737CB7BD240F1C4A8" https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Haandtering-af-COVID-19/Personer-med-%C3%B8get-risiko/Haandtering-af-COVID-19-Anbefalinger-til-personer-i-oeget-risiko.ashx?la=da&hash=18DA603035A48EA9E44DE91737CB7BD240F1C4A8, version May 20, 2020).

May 12: The Danish Health Authority published a minor revision of their recommendations to persons in increased risk:
- Citizens in increased risk and people working in the health care sector and living with a person in increased risk should not perform duties involving close contact with citizens with suspected or confirmed COVID-19
- More detailed recommendations on working from home for pregnant women from week 28
- Revised recommendations on the use of towels and choice of temperature for washing clothes
(https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Haandtering-af-COVID-19/Personer-med-%C3%B8get-risiko/Haandtering-af-COVID-19-Anbefalinger-til-personer-i-oeget-risiko.ashx?la=da&hash=18DA603035A48EA9E44DE91737CB7BD240F1C4A8" https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Haandtering-af-COVID-19/Personer-med-%C3%B8get-risiko/Haandtering-af-COVID-19-Anbefalinger-til-personer-i-oeget-risiko.ashx?la=da&hash=18DA603035A48EA9E44DE91737CB7BD240F1C4A8, version May 20).

May 14: The Danish Health Authority published a leaflet for citizens who are going to be tested for COVID-19 and citizens who have been tested positive for COVID-19: https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Information-til-dig-der-er-testet-positiv-for-ny-coronavirus-og-til-dig-der-skal-testes 

May 19: The police publishes a dynamic (constantly revised) national report on the number of ‘hotspots’ which the public is encouraged to avoid.

By October 22, there were 11 hotspots in Denmark with restricted or prohibited access or restricted to transit only in specific time periods, whereas 4 areas in Copenhagen were changed into warning zones under special observation by the police  (https://coronasmitte.dk/hotspots-og-opholdsforbud) and (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/opholdsforbudszoner-bliver-til-advarselszoner/2020/10/21). 

By February 26 there were four hotspots in Denmark with restricted or prohibited access or restricted to transit only in specific time periods (https://coronasmitte.dk/hotspots-og-opholdsforbud).

By April 8 there were seven hotspots in Denmark with restricted or prohibited access or restricted to transit only in specific time periods (https://coronasmitte.dk/hotspots-og-opholdsforbud).


Phase 1
April 6: Most elements of the partial shutdown were prolonged to May 10, including the limit on public assemblies to ten persons at a time. However, the Prime Minister also announced a gradual re-opening starting on April 15. The first phase is a re-opening of child care facilities and primary school from 1st to 5th grade on April 15. On April 7, the Danish Health Authority published guidelines on the gradual re-opening of schools, including guidelines on distancing between pupils, cleaning of toilets twice a day, etc. The guidelines have been revised several times – most recently on April 16 (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Vejledningerne-for-den-gradvise-kontrollerede-genaabning-af-skoler-og-daginstitutioner-er-opd).

Likewise, on April 11, all parents received an email from the Danish Health Authority about preventive guidelines on the gradual reopening of child care facilities and schools, and the local institutions have likewise informed the parents about the local guidelines and local gradual re-opening procedures per e-mail.

The Government has also initiated a dialogue with the industry and unions about a gradual increase in on-site work (as opposed to virtual/at home work). Public employees performing non-critical tasks are to continue working from home. All major public events such as festivals, concerts etc. are prohibited until September. Exams for primary school students are cancelled and exams for youth educations (gymnasiums) are adjusted/reduced.

April 21: The Government decided that no assemblies of more than 500 people will be allowed until September 1. However, until May 10, assemblies of more than ten people are not allowed

(https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/April/Regerinen-fastsaetter-loft-paa-store-forsamlnger-paa-500-deltagere.aspx).

Phase 2: From May 11/May 18

On May 7, the parliament launched their plans for the further reopening in phases. The goal of the reopening of Denmark is to gradually restore the activity without putting the capacity of the health services under pressure.

The reopening is based on five elements:
• An aggressive testing strategy that includes testing in both a health track and a community track, infection detection and isolation of infected.
• Use of protective equipment, among others to protect the vulnerable groups
• Physical distancing measures
• Good hygiene
• Avoid super-proliferation

Until June 8, the assembly ban still applies so no more than 10 people are allowed to gather.

From May 11, the following are allowed to reopen:
• Shops and shopping malls
• Outdoor sports and community organizations

From May 18, the following are allowed to reopen:
• Cafes, restaurants and pubs
• Libraries (only for lending and hand over of books)
• Secondary school (6-10th grades)
o Teaching and exams with physical attendance requirements resume. Particularly Organized Youth Education (STU), Vocational Education (EUD) and Preparatory Basic Education (FGU) reopen among others.
 
• Voluntary independent residential school for young people between the age of 14 to 18 (“efterskole”).
• Churches and faiths communities
• Zoos for motorists
• Some prisoners will be allowed to receive visits again. The limited reopening is based on a health professional assessment with strict requirements for the physical environment and cleaning (https://www.kriminalforsorgen.dk/om-os/nyt-og-presse/nyheder/kriminalforsorgen-aabner-for-de-foerste-besoeg/)

(http://www.stm.dk/multimedia/07-05-2020_Aftale_om_anden_fase_af_en_kontrolleret_gen_bning.pdf)

Phase 3: From June 8

From June 8, it will be possible for a number of cultural institutions to reopen but no specific dates have yet been set for the reopening of the various institutions.

The assembly ban will be raised from 10 people to 50 people.

The following can open from June 8:

    • Cultural institutions and activities. E.g. museums, theaters, art galleries, cinemas, aquariums, outdoor amusement parks. Other zoos, botanical gardens, etc. Summer activities for children and young people.
    • Parts of the public sector that are particularly prone to backlogs of cases
    • Public research activities requiring attendance
    • Adult education targeted unemployed (e.g. AMU) and language centers
    • Folk schools
    • Indoor sports and community organizations (e.g. evening schools) It will be further assessed which activities that can be carried out jjustifiable in terms of public health.

The agreement states that if the development is better than expected, a major reopening in phase 3 may be considered. The following will be included:

    •     Increased physical presence in public workplaces
    •    Full opening of the TV channels: DR and TV2


Phase 4: From mid-August

The following will open:

     •     All other educations.
     •     Discos, concert venues and nightlife
     •     Fitness centers, water parks, large indoor playgrounds and swimming pools.
    

The ban on events and activities and the like in which more than 500 people are present is maintained until at least August 31.

The ban on assemblies is assessed at each phase transition.

-------------------------

The parties at the Parliament will have discussions before each phase transition. Elements of the plan can be accelerated - i.e. taking into account the detailed guidelines of the sectoral partnerships. The development can also imply that elements must be staggered both in relation to the implementation of the individual phases and the content of the individual phases, etc.

The parties agree that since there are large regional differences of the prevalence of COVID-19 infection at present, then at each phase transition there is a basis for discussing whether the opening can be differentiated between the regions, among others, in relation to the public sector.

The parties note that in the coming weeks, the government will implement the testing strategy, including focusing on effective infection detection of close contacts and isolation of infected.

The parties note that if the epidemic flares up, the government can deviate from the overall plan, including with necessary restrictions, etc.

A decision has yet to be made on when to reopen the borders again (the Government is currently in dialogue with the neighboring countries). The agreement between the parties of the Parliament states it will be announced before June 1.

https://www.regeringen.dk/nyheder/2020/aftale-om-plan-for-genaabning-af-danmark/?fbclid=IwAR1wI0DWe58yKKQ7RpAVOUOSFu9TaSKET4P8RtclK7q0goU6W2V8pti146U

May 10: The distancing requirement is reduced from 2 to 1 meter in accordance with general WHO guidelines and practice in several neighboring countries. This is important as shopping centers, schools, sports facilities etc. will re-open as part of phase 2 (https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Forebyggelse-af-smittespredning/Forebyggelse-af-smittespredning-publikation.ashx?la=da&hash=FD3E64042EEDB7A6C3305BD37A003B5B58B1BC79).


On May 20, a large majority of the parliament agreed to add more elements to the agreement of May 7 on Phase 2 of the re-opening:

Phase 2 from May 11/18 – supplements in the agreement of May 20 implemented immediately or later on

The following may re-open at once:
Culture and activities:
- Museums, theatres, galleries, cinemas, public aquariums
- Zoological and botanical gardens not included in the agreement of May 7
- Public amusement parks and summer activities for children and young people
Research:
- Public research which necessitate the researchers’ presence at specific places
Education:
- Adult education
- High schools and other facilities for education of young people (universities are not included)
- Universities: only verbal exams and education where physical presence of students and teachers is absolutely necessary
- Associations
- Evening courses
- Music teaching (restrictions on choirs)

Health authorities are going to revise restrictions on visits to nursing homes, hospices, psychiatric institutions etc., with an eye to abolish restrictions which are not absolutely necessary.

From May 25, close relatives and owners of summerhouses living in the Nordic countries or Germany will be allowed to enter Denmark. So far, they will still be asked to self-quarantine for 14 days after their arrival.


From May 27, the public sector in the west of the Great Belt (three out of five regions) will be allowed to re-open offices. This distinction reflects a much higher incidence of COVID-19 in the eastern part of the country, including the Capital Region.

Phase 3 – June 8 or later – supplements in the agreement of May 20

Health authorities will prepare a plan for re-opening in-door sport facilities in Phase 3 and recommendations on weddings and other parties. Restrictions on assemblies will be eased gradually by June 8 (to 30-50 persons depending on the incidence of COVID-19), July 8 and August 8. Restrictions will probably differ by the kind of assembly.

The Statens Serum Institut will follow the incidence of COVID-19, and the majority in the Parliament may revise the agreement, if the incidence increases
(http://www.stm.dk/multimedia/Aftale.pdf).

From June 15, all flight passengers at Danish airports must wear a face mask from their arrival at a Danish airport until the flight is over. At the same time, airlines have the opportunity to sell all seats on the planes based on the Danish requirement of only at least 1 meter between each person. The rules apply so far without an expiry date (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/politik/flypassagerer-i-danske-lufthavne-skal-baere-mundbind?app_mode=true).

The third phase of the re-opening of the Danish society started on Monday June 8. The following are now allowed to reopen/be resumed:
                    - Sports facilities
                    - Swimming pools
                    - Training and fitness centers
                    - Outdoor amusement parks, including Tivoli and Legoland - with restrictions
                    - Indoor leisure activities and playgrounds for children
                    - Summer activities for children and adolescents
                    - Weddings and other events may be up to 500 persons, if taking place in a restaurant
                    - Conferences and general assemblies may also be up to 500 persons if adhering to specific guidelines
                    - Football/soccer league games may have up to 500 spectators if adhering to specific guidelines
                    - The limit for other types of assemblies is raised to 50 persons
(https://kum.dk/fileadmin/KUM/Documents/COVID-19_DOX/Aftale_om_yderligere_genaabning_af_indendoers_idraets-_og_foreningsliv.pdf).

A new ministerial order eases restrictions on visits to nursing homes and hospitals starting June 11.  The following  conditions now apply:
    - Visits should primarily be outdoors, and it is no longer possible to prohibit outdoor visits
    - Visits can take place indoors in critical situations
    - Visits can take place indoors, but only for 1-2 regular visitors appointed by the nursing home inhabitant, if outdoor meetings are impossible
    - A regular accompanying person can participate in treatment, examination or consultation in hospitals
    - Test are available for voluntary use before visits to nursing homes/hospitals
(https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/Juni/Gradvis-genaabning-paa-plejehjem-og-sygehuse.aspx).

June 12: The Danish Health Authority has revised its guidelines on preventing infection with COVID-19 in nursing homes to include more types of institutions, including hospitals, and to implement the ministerial order of June 11 (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Saadan-kan-plejehjem-og-sygehuse-forebygge-smitte-med-COVID-19-ved-besoeg).

June 12: The Ministry of Culture will allow three experiments with football matches with more than 500 spectators
(https://kum.dk/nyheder-og-presse/pressemeddelelser/nyheder/forsoeg-med-flere-tilskuere-til-tre-fodboldkampe/1/1/).

June 17: The Danish Health Authority published advice on how to reduce the risk of infection when celebrating private parties (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Det-er-muligt-at-holde-fester-men-husk-de-generelle-anbefalinger).

June 19: The Danish Health Authority and the Ministry of Education have published new guidelines for educational institutions lifting the requirements for distancing if necessary for the individual institutions in order to follow normal instructions for teaching. These will become effective after the summer holidays (https://www.uvm.dk/aktuelt/nyheder/uvm/2020/jun/200619-nye-retningslinjer-for-dagtilbud-skoler-og-institutioner-er-paa-plads).

June 29: The government published guidelines on visits to nursing homes, hospitals, etc. Basically, from July 2 visitors will be free to visit nursing homes, hospitals, etc., as long as they follow the National Health Authority’s advice on preventing the spread of COVID-19. In the case of local outbreaks, the Danish Patient Safety Authority may introduce temporary restrictions on access/visits to prevent the spread of the disease  (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/Juni/Regeringen-aabner-endnu-mere-op-for-besoeg-paa-blandt-andet-plejehjem-og-sygehuse.aspx).
        
July 9: The Danish Health Authority published a leaflet that recommends citizens to wear a protective mask to protect others in four cases: 1) if the citizen is infected or has symptoms of COVID-19 and need to disrupt self-isolation due to transport to and from the hospital; 2) if the citizen is on the way home from, for example, the airport after a trip to a high-risk area abroad to go to self-isolation; 3) if the citizen is in close contact with someone who is infected and need to break self-isolation due to transport to and from the test center; 4) if the citizen is a relative of a person at increased risk and cannot keep the distance to the person, e.g. because the person is in need of care and attention (https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Mundbind/25875_SST_Corona_Mundbindindsats_Folder_A5_Digital_0907.ashx?la=da&hash=5071DD0BDC62023449D1829D624EACCAD3668414).

July 31: The Danish Health Authority has expanded the recommendations regarding protective masks to also include public transport when recommended distancing is not possible, and people are now advised to purchase protective masks and keep them for use whenever necessary (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Et-mundbind-i-tasken-er-en-god-ide_-naar-der-er-traengsel-i-den-kollektive-trafik).

August 5: Pre-booking of seats is no longer required by the National Danish Railways (DSB) when traveling in regional and intercity trains. This is motivated by the advice (July 31) by the Danish Health Authority to wear masks in public transport when recommended distancing is not possible (https://www.dsb.dk/coronavirus/pladskrav/).

August 6: The Government has decided not to raise the maximum limit of people in assemblies without seating from 100 to 200 as originally planned for August 8. This is motivated by the increasing number of persons infected in Denmark (https://www.sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/August/Forsamlingsforbuddet-bliver-ikke-haevet.aspx).

Agreement on limited phase 4 re-opening:
 
The political parties of the Folketing have agreed on details of phase 4 of the re-opening:
 
• The requirement that foreign guests must book at least 6 nights when staying in hotels in Denmark is removed.
• Restaurants and bars are now allowed to stay open until 02:00. However, they are not allowed to admit new guests after 23:00 and must adhere to general distancing rules.
• Outdoor funeral ceremonies are limited to 200 participants.
• Additional testing capacity will be established in western Denmark (Jutland) to accommodate increased demand after the surge in new COVID-19 cases in Aarhus and Silkeborg. The aim is to provide access within 24 hours for all citizens and to provide results the day after for at least 80% of the persons tested.
• The government announced an intention to increase control of adherence to self-isolation rules, and that it may take steps to secure mandatory self-isolation in case of non-compliance
• Other previously promised re-opening measures such as opening of nightclubs and concert venues, and allowing assemblies of more than 100/500 persons, are postponed due to rising number of new COVID-19 cases in Denmark.

Protective face masks:
• On August 11 the Government issued an administrative order mandating the use of face masks in public transportation in five municipalities in Central Jutland after a surge in confirmed COVID-19 cases in the area
• On August 15, the Government announced that it will be mandatory to wear face masks in public transportation in the entire country and at all times, starting august 22.

The requirement to wear face masks in public transportation (including train/bus stations, taxis and ride sharing vehicles) entered into effect on August 22nd. At the same time, the government announced that municipalities will provide face masks free of charge to economically challenged citizens (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/August/Krav-om-mundbind-eller-visir-i-al-kollektiv-transport.aspx).

On August 21, the Danish Health Authority published recommendations and a report on the evidence concerning use of face masks (https://www.sst.dk/da/Udgivelser/2020/Brug-af-mundbind-i-det-offentlige-rum-dokumentation).

September 7: Municipalities with more than 20 infected per 100,000 inhabitants are subject to stricter restrictions in the next 14 days. Legally, restrictions on assembly bans and opening hours can only come into force on September 9, but the health authorities recommend that citizens already comply with them and all the other measures. The current affected municipalities, in addition to Copenhagen and Odense, are: Albertslund, Ballerup, Brøndby, Dragør, Frederiksberg, Gentofte, Gladsaxe, Glostrup, Herlev, Hvidovre, Høje-Taastrup, Ishøj, Lyngby-Tårbæk, Rødovre, Tårnby and Vallensbæk (18 in total).


The most important restrictions are:
• The assembly ban is lowered from 100 to 50 people
• Bars and restaurants must close by midnight at the latest
• The planned expansion of the number of spectators for sporting events is postponed.

All social events and all professional events with more than 50 participants at the universities in Copenhagen, Odense and Roskilde will be canceled until 23 September.

All employees in Odense municipality have been sent home. The consulting company Rambøll has sent 1,800 employees home from the offices in Copenhagen and Odense. A significant number of employees in the Municipality of Copenhagen, and in several companies, including TV2 and DR, have been sent home. The health authorities strongly urge all persons in the affected municipalities to work from home as far as possible (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/indland/overblik-her-er-de-aendrede-restriktioner; https://www.sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/September/~/media/Filer%20-%20dokumenter/01-corona/07092020-Pmoede/Information.pdf).

September 9: The Danish Health and Medicines Authority published a new booklet about important infection prevention recommendations at private events, parties and celebrations hold in a private home, garden or places where there is no professional help, e.g. celebration in a community center. The booklet advices stricter recommendations to limit the number of guests and increased awareness that guests must keep at least one meter distance from each other. Recommendations include to ensure at least 2-meter distance when singing and speaking, as well as to replace activities such as dancing and party games with a high level of activity with activities where the risk of infection is less (https://www.sst.dk/da/udgivelser/2020/private-fejringer-og-arrangementer).

September 10: The police has closed public access from 6 pm to 6 am to two public outdoor areas, a skater park and a park (Skaterparken and Nørrebroparken-Hørsholmparken), in the Nørrebro neighborhood of Copenhagen from Thursday-Sunday as they have been a gathering point for partying young people. The capital is currently experiencing a marked increase in the number of Covid-19 infections, where a large proportion of those infected are between 20 and 29 years old (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/opholdsforbud-i-dele-af-noerrebroparken/2020/09/10). Warning zones (areas which the police focuses on) include specific areas in Copenhagen: Kongens Have, parts of Fælledparken, Islands Brygge, Dronning Louises Bro and the area of Sandkaj and Göteborg Plads.

September 15: Due to the rising number of infections in the Copenhagen area, the Government has announced new restriction and measures that will come into force from September 17 until October 1 in the Copenhagen area including 17 municipalities. This implies that restaurants, bars and pubs must close at 10pm. Facemasks are required in these facilities when not seated and clear signposting of maximum number of guests must be shown. Private parties like weddings, etc. are still allowed, but recommended to stop at 10pm. No more than 500 people are allowed to be present at football matches. The police will increase control of potential hotspots (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/indland/nye-restriktioner-i-storkoebenhavn-mundbind-paa-restauranter-og-natteliv-skal-lukke).  

September 17: The Copenhagen police has temporarily prohibited public access in a small zone in the city with many restaurants and bars from 10 pm to 2 am until September 23. The previous temporary prohibition of public access in two other areas of the city has been prolonged over the coming weekend (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/opholdsforbud-i-dele-af-k%C3%B8dbyen/2020/09/17). Two more so-called warning zones have also been added to the previous 5 zones where the police are giving special attention to crowding.

September 18: Due to the rising number of infected persons distributed across the country, the government has presented new national restrictions similar to those already established for the Copenhagen area.
These imply that restaurants, bars and pubs must close at 10pm all over the country and facemasks are required in these facilities when not seated. The general assembly ban is lowered to 50 people in the whole country except for certain events with sitting arrangements, which can include up to 500 persons.  These restrictions will be effective from September 19 until October 4 (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/indland/regeringen-lukker-barer-og-restauranter-i-hele-landet-klokken-22).
Generally, teleworking is now recommended if possible, as well as travelling outside rush hours and limiting the number and duration of social contacts.

September 18: The Ministry of Transport and Housing temporarily (until October 4) outlawed drinking alcohol in buses in an effort to prevent infection in the so-called ‘party buses’, where citizens party in buses driving around in, for example, Copenhagen
(https://www.trm.dk/nyheder/2020/midlertidigt-stop-for-alkohol-i-busser/).

September 21: The National Health Authority recommended schools and other educational institutions not to perform social events or other gatherings (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Sociale-arrangementer-ifm-dagtilbud-skoler-og-andre-boer-aflyses-i-den-kommende-tid).

September 23: The Copenhagen police prolonged the temporary restriction of September 17 until September 30 (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/opholdsforbud-forlaenges-i-koedbyen-og-noerrebroparken/2020/09/23).  On September 30, the Copenhagen police prolonged this temporary restriction again until October 7 (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/opholdsforbud-forlaenges-i-koedbyen-og-noerrebroparken/2020/09/30). On October 7, this temporary restriction was prolonged until October 14 (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/opholdsforbud-forlaenges-i-koedbyen-og-noerrebroparken/2020/10/07). On October 14, it was prolonged until October 21 (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/opholdsforbud-forlaenges-i-koedbyen-og-noerrebroparken/2020/10/14).

September 25: The National Government prolonged the restrictions introduced on September 18 until October 18. Furthermore, the government removed the general permission to arrangements with more than 50 participants, where the participants in general are seated – in effect outlawing parties with more than 50 participants. It is still possible to perform arrangements, where up to 500 people are seated facing in the same direction (cinemas, theatres, stadiums, concerts, etc.) (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/September/Stigende-smitte-faar-myndighederne-til-at-forlaenge-og-skaerpe-tiltag-mod-COVID-19.aspx).

September 28: The Danish Health Authority published new guidelines on the use of face masks at hospitals and in general practices in situations with no specific suspicion of COVID-19-infection:
health care personnel, patients/citizens and relatives should wear face masks if they cannot keep a distance of at least one meter – two meters if the patient/citizen is in increased risk of COVID-19.
Meanwhile the Authority abandoned the recommendation that health care personnel should wear face masks if they are face to face with a patient/citizen for more than 15 minutes or have many brief face to face contacts with patients/citizens in a working day.

The Authority added that it may make it mandatory for health care personnel, patients/citizens and relatives to wear protective equipment (face masks, face shields, etc.) at any time at hospitals and in general practices. If so, the Authority will prepare more detailed guidelines on when to wear the equipment (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Nu-skal-masker-bruges-langt-oftere-paa-sygehuse_-plejehjem-og-ved-laegen).

October 1: To reduce the risk of transmission of COVID-10 from mink to people and between mink, the Ministry of Environment and Food of Denmark announced plans to destroy all mink in infected mink farms and farms in their vicinity. The plans concern up to 100 farms with approx. 1 million mink in the Northern part of Jutland, where there is a high prevalence of COVID-19 in mink farms (https://mfvm.dk/nyheder/nyhed/nyhed/smittede-minkbesaetninger-skal-slaas-ned/).

October 3: The Minister of Justice warns of stricter fines for violating the assembly ban of 50 people at the type of parties for anyone held without permission in an empty building, in a private area or in a public place. Fines will be 4,000 DKR to participate (around 537 euros), and 10,000 DKR to arrange these parties (around 1,344 euros).

The larger fines will become a reality if the Attorney General can convince the courts in a number of trial cases that penalties must be increased (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/indland/hoejere-boeder-piratfester-4000-kroner-deltage-10000-arrangere).

On October 5, the Danish Working Environment Authority reported that during the next two weeks 50 inspectors will visit restaurants, bars, shops, slaughterhouses and mink farms to check up on the businesses’ efforts to prevent the spread of COVID-19. The specific lines of business were chosen based on specific cases of infection or contact with a large number of customers, which increases the risk of spread of the disease. Proactively, every business in the lines of business mentioned above will receive a letter with advice from the Authority on preventing the spread of COVID-19
(https://bm.dk/nyheder-presse/pressemeddelelser/2020/10/arbejdstilsynet-saetter-ind-mod-smittespredning/).

October 8: The restrictions implemented on September 18 implying that restaurants, bars and pubs must close at 10pm all over the country, that facemasks are required in these facilities when not seated, and that the general assembly ban is lowered to 50 people in the whole country except for certain events with sitting arrangements, which can include up to 500 persons, will be prolonged until October 31.

September 18: The Ministry of Transport and Housing temporarily (until October 4) outlawed drinking alcohol in buses in an effort to prevent infection in the so-called ‘party buses’, where citizens party in buses driving around in, for example, Copenhagen. On October 1, the ban was extended to October 19 (https://www.retsinformation.dk/eli/lta/2020/1441), and on October 8, the ban was extended to November 1 (https://www.retsinformation.dk/eli/lta/2020/1459).

October 26: A number of new measures are implemented this week  – (https://www.sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/Oktober/~/media/Filer%20-%20dokumenter/Oversigt-over-tiltag-okt2020.pdf).

The general ban on assemblies in public spaces is reduced from 50 to 10 persons for four weeks. It is also recommended that assemblies in private homes are reduced to max 10 persons. Exemptions to the general assembly restrictions include: Assemblies of up to 50 persons allowed for children and adolescents (up to 21 years). Up to 500 spectators are allowed for sports events if distancing requirements are met.

A protective face mask or shield must be used in all indoor spaces with public access from October 29 to January 2.   This includes shops, sports facilities, youth and adult education, shopping centers, restaurants and bars (when not seated). The requirement to use face masks in public transportation is prolonged to January 2. Protective face masks or shields must be worn at all times in health care settings, elderly care and some social care facilities.

The sale of alcohol from shops is prohibited after 2200. Bars, restaurants and cafés must close at 22.00, until January 2. It is recommended that workplace social events are cancelled, and that people should continue to work from home as much as possible.

Restrictions on visits to hospitals and nursing homes are sharpened. Seven municipalities have implemented bans on visits to all nursing homes. All Danes are encouraged to limit social contact to 10 persons outside the household in the coming months.

On November 4, the national government decided to destroy all minks at farms in Denmark to eliminate a new strand of COVID-19 which has evolved in mink – no minks will be allowed in farms before 2022 (https://coronasmitte.dk/-/media/mediefiler/corona/mink/faktaark-tiltag-til-aflivning-af-mink.pdf?la=da&hash=615619542C01BE07ED558AA25A9838F0A7CEBFEE). The decision was based on the Statens Serum Institut’s assessment that the new stand constitutes a major national and worldwide health issue, because it may compromise the vaccines currently being tested (https://coronasmitte.dk/-/media/mediefiler/corona/mink/risikovurdering-af-human-sundhed-ved-fortsat-minkavl_03112020.pdf?la=da&hash=721871D898F1D9F1F9D99E3A002C35F9537F5CEA).

On November 5, the national government announced a number of restrictions in seven municipalities in the Northern part of Jutland to eliminate the new strand of COVID-19 which has been found in 11 people in the seven municipalities and in one person on the island of Zealand:
- From November 5 to December 3, restaurants, cafés, bars, pubs, sports arenas, fitness centers, cultural institutions etc. must be closed to the public.
- From November 9 to December 3 public transport between the municipalities and between the municipalities and the rest of the country will be disbanded except for people in jobs of critical importance to society. The ban does not apply to school buses.
- From November 9 to December 3, publics in 5-8th grade in lower secondary school and students in higher educations with residence in the affected municipalities will only receive virtual education.
- From November 9 to December 3, the exceptions to the assembly ban, which apply in the rest of Denmark, do not apply to the affected municipalities.

On November 6, the health authorities announced that the single case in the island of Zealand was wrongly identified as the new strand of COVID-19
(https://www.ssi.dk/aktuelt/nyheder/2020/intet-cluster-5-tilfalde-pa-sjalland-alligevel).

From November 9 (but preferably voluntarily from November 5) to December 3 the national government recommends that:
- All citizens in the seven municipalities do not enter another municipality, unless this is absolutely necessary – for example to maintain functions of critical importance to society.
- All citizens living outside the seven municipalities do not enter one of the seven municipalities, unless this is absolutely necessary
- Employers in the seven municipalities do not allow workers, customers etc. living in other municipalities on their premises – this applies especially to people arriving from abroad.
- Migrant workers in the seven municipalities stay there until December 3 – and undergo test for COVID-19 if it is absolutely necessary for them to go to their home country.
- People living outside Denmark do not go to one of the seven municipalities (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/November/~/media/Filer%20-%20dokumenter/01-corona/Faktaark-om-restriktioner-i-NJ.pdf).

From November 9 to December 3, people going to Denmark to work or stay in one of the seven municipalities will generally not be let into Denmark, unless they live in Denmark or are Danish citizens (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/November/~/media/Filer%20-%20dokumenter/01-corona/Faktaark-om-restriktioner-i-NJ.pdf).

On November 10, the Government announced that the destruction of all healthy mink was not compulsory as first announced, but just a request as it had become clear that the demand was not in accordance with the Danish law (https://www.berlingske.dk/politik/medier-styrelse-vidste-aflivning-af-alle-mink-var-ulovlig).
So far, the legal basis for enforced destruction of all mink has not yet been ensured in the Parliament, but an independent examination of the process behind the unlawful announcement has been set up by the Government (https://www.altinget.dk/artikel/folketingsudvalg-saetter-gang-i-uvildig-undersoegelse-af-minksagen).

Restrictions in Northern Jutland were eased on November 16. Specifically, citizens were no longer recommended only to cross municipality boundaries when absolutely necessary, once again public transport was allowed to cross these borders as well, and children in 5th to 8th grade were allowed back in school again
(https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/November/En-raekke-lokale-restriktioner-i-Nordjylland-lempes.aspx
https://www.trm.dk/nyheder/2020/kollektiv-trafik-aabner-mellem-de-beroerte-nordjyske-kommuner/
).

On November 13, the Statens Serum Institut reported that the share of citizens with a mink-variant of COVID-19 has fallen, and that the Cluster 5-variant has not been found since September 15. The variant has probably become extinct by now
(https://www.ssi.dk/aktuelt/nyheder/2020/den-seneste-udvikling-af-covid-19-pa-minkfarme-og-blandt-mennesker).

On November 13, the Danish Health Authority emphasized that the destruction of mink is not only due to the presence of the cluster 5-variant but also to the general risk for evolution of new COVID-19-variants in mink, which may be resistant to vaccines currently under development and may infect people
(https://finans.dk/politik/ECE12562419/brostroem-forsvarer-minkaflivning-taenk-paa-det-som-om-at-der-i-virkeligheden-er-23-mio-modtagelige-individer/?ctxref=ext). 

On November 14, the health and safety agency Work Environment in Denmark stated, that it will include advice on COVID-19 in its inspections of workplaces. Furthermore, it will put extra emphasis on this subject at workplaces with a large share of workers from abroad and at schools and other educational institutions on the Western outskirts of Copenhagen
(https://bm.dk/nyheder-presse/pressemeddelelser/2020/11/arbejdstilsynet-udvider-og-skaerper-indsats-mod-corona/). 

On November 19 the national government suspended most of the restrictions in the seven municipalities in Northern Jutland, effective on November 19, November 20 or November 23 (the gradual easing is due to practical reasons –for example, because schools are closed during the weekend). The decision was based on widespread testing of citizens in the seven municipalities, a major fall in the share of the population with a mink-strand of COVID-19, and the Statens Serum Institut’s assessment that the cluster-5 variant has probably become extinct. The intensified testing in the seven municipalities continues; citizens from other countries are still asked to undergo a test, before they leave the municipalities, and citizens from other countries are asked not to enter one of the seven municipalities
(https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/November/~/media/Filer%20-%20dokumenter/01-corona/Nordjylland-med-lempelser-pr-191120.pdf).

On November 20, the national government announced that the national restrictions of October 23 and in force until November 22 will be extended until December 13 (ban on assemblies of more than 10 persons in public spaces; similar recommendation for private gatherings). Informally, the Prime Minister has indicated, that the restrictions will probably be prolonged until the end of December or maybe for even longer and due to a high incidence of COVID-19 at present, more restrictions may be introduced (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/November/De-gaeldende-nationale-tiltag-forlaenges.aspx).

On November 23, the government announced the introduction of initiatives against mink-variants of COVID-19 in two municipalities in Western Jutland. The initiatives are very much in line with the past initiatives in Northern Jutland
(https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/November/Regering-indfoerer-tiltag-til-inddaemning-af-smitte.aspx).

On November 27, the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration reported that all mink infected with COVID-19 and all mink in the zones around farms with infected mink had been destroyed (https://www.foedevarestyrelsen.dk/Nyheder/Aktuelt/Sider/Alle-COVID-19-smittede-mink-og-zonebes%C3%A6tninger-er-aflivet.aspx).

On December 1, the Ministry for Health annulled all special restrictions in the seven municipalities in Northern Jutland as the level of infection had decreased sufficiently (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/December/Smitten-i-Nordjylland-er-bremset.aspx).
 
December 1: Due to the rising number of infections in the Copenhagen area, the Government has announced new restriction and measures that will come into force from December 7 until January 2, 2021 in the Copenhagen area including 17 municipalities. This implies that workplaces, both public and private, are strongly encouraged to ensure that employees who can carry out their work without physical attendance at the workplace do so. In primary schools, in upper secondary school and adult education, it is recommended that dining takes place in classrooms and not in common areas. A ban on teaching across classes in upper secondary school and adult education is introduced. Music and sports lessons should be canceled in youth and adult education. Higher education is encouraged to switch to digital teaching and digital exams whenever possible. For sports and leisure activities, only up to 10 persons may be present in the same place at the same time.

For the whole country, restrictions are being introduced on the number of people in department stores and shops larger than 2,000 square meters. Unidirectional movement will be introduced in larger stores. Stores are encouraged to extend their opening hours and limit the number of customers. Pedestrian streets must also be one-way. At the same time, Danes are encouraged to do their Christmas shopping alone (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/December/Nye-Covid-19-tiltag-i-Hovedstadsomraadet.aspx).

December 7: As the number of infections are generally still increasing, the government has announced that the country wide restrictions of October 26 and December 1 will be prolonged until February 28 (ban on assemblies of more than 10 persons in public spaces; similar recommendation for private gatherings, homework recommended when possible, protective face masks in public transportation and indoor areas with public access, restrictions on opening hours and alcohol serving for restaurants and bars, etc).

Due to the high and rapidly increasing infection rates in the Capital area, Odense and Århus as well as some other parts of the country, special restrictions were announced by the government for 38 Danish municipalities from December 9 to January 3. These include:
- Restaurants, cafés, bars, pubs, sports arenas, fitness centers, cultural institutions, etc. must be closed to the public. Restaurants can still sell take-away food.
- Children from 5th grade and higher in lower secondary school and students in higher educations in the 38 municipalities will only receive virtual education.
- Employers in public workplaces are encouraged to ensure that their employees work from home except for critical functions (health care, etc.). Private workplaces are strongly encouraged to do the same.
- Shops are encouraged to ensure limited crowding and families are encouraged to limit Christmas shopping to one person at the time. 
The inhabitants of the 38 municipalities are strongly encouraged to comply with these restrictions, even if they visit other parts of the country
(https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/December/~/media/Filer%20-%20dokumenter/01-corona/07122020-COVID-19-TILTAG/03-pjece-covid-19-tiltag.pdf).

December 9: the Ministry of Transportation announced that the requirement of wearing protective face masks in public transport has been prolonged until March 1 (https://nyheder.tv2.dk/samfund/2020-12-09-krav-om-mundbind-i-offentlig-transport-forlaenges-til-marts).

December 10: Motivated by further increasing numbers of infected persons in larger parts of the country, the government announced that the special restrictions for the 38 municipalities will now also include additional 31 municipalities (from December 11 until January 3), thereby covering 79% of the Danish population (https://www.sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/December/Udvidelse-af-skaerpede-tiltag-til-i-alt-69-kommuner.aspx).

On December 15 the government announced that restrictions imposed on some municipalities would be extended to all remaining municipalities starting from December 16 (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/December/Udvidelse-af-restriktioner-til-hele-landet.aspx).

On December 16 the government announced that:
• All major shopping centers would be closed from December 17
• All remaining retail shops will be closed from December 25 to January 3
• Small service businesses such as hairdressers, massage parlors and tattoo shops will be closed from December 21 to January 3
• All schools and the after-school-care would be closed from December 21-January 3
(https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/December/COVID-19-nedlukning-hen-over-jul-og-nytaar.aspx).

On December 17 the national rules on visits to citizens at nursing homes were relaxed, making it possible for older citizens at nursing homes to receive two visitors at a time (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/December/Plejehjem-faar-mere-fleksible-regler-for-besoeg.aspx).

On December 21 the Ministry of Health published recommendations on how to celebrate New Year 20/21 while minimizing the risk of spreading COVID-19. The ministry emphasized that the assembly ban and the ban on selling alcohol after 10pm will still be in force and be enforced.

On December 23 the Ministry of Church Affairs revised its recommendations on religious services during the pandemic. Based on these stricter recommendations, bishops recommended to disband religious services in churches during Christmas (https://www.km.dk/aktuelt/singlevisning/biskopper-praesteforening-provsteforening-og-menighedsraadsforening-anbefaler-at-aflyse-julegudstjenester-i-folkekirken).

On December 29, the Government announced that the restrictions imposed on December 16 will be
extended until January 17. These include:
• Restaurants, cafés, bars, pubs, sports arenas, fitness centers, cultural institutions, etc. must be closed to the public. Restaurants can still sell take-away food. No alcohol can be sold after 10pm.
• All major shopping centers would be closed.
• All remaining retail shops will be closed.
• Small service businesses such as hairdressers, massage parlors and tattoo shops will be closed.
• Children from 0 grade and higher in lower secondary school and students in higher educations will only receive virtual education.
• Employers in public workplaces are encouraged to ensure that their employees work from home except for critical functions (health care, etc.). Private workplaces are strongly encouraged to do the same.


On January 5, 2021: The Government announced new restrictions until January 17 due to the new COVID-19 mutation from the UK now also identified in Denmark. The restrictions include:
• The general assembly ban is reduced from maximum 10 persons to maximum 5 persons
• The previous exceptions from the assembly ban implying the possibility of up to 500 people if sitting at certain events (cultural, sports and conferences, etc.) are no longer in force. The restrictions, however, are still not covering usual work situations, exams, etc. requiring physical presence and people practicing professional sports.
• Recommendations regarding persons in private homes are adjusted to maximum 5 persons (including own household) – however, this is not in force for households larger than 5 persons.
• Recommendation on number of social contacts is reduced to maximum 5 social contacts besides own household and work place.
• The distancing requirement is increased from 1 meter to 2 meters in shops, etc.
• Outdoor cultural institutions, entertainment parks, zoo’s etc. should be closed (from January 8)
• Day care is still open, but parents are encouraged to keep the children at home if possible.

The Government strongly encourages cancellation of all appointments and working from home if possible (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2021/Januar/Skaerpet-forsamlingsforbud-og-oevrige-tiltag.aspx).

On January 7, 2021 the National Health Authorities developed a badge for certain individuals indicating that they are not obliged to use a face mask in public transportation, shops, etc. due to physical and mental conditions (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2021/Nogle-personer-kan-ikke-bruge-mundbind-og-det-er-ikke-altid-synligt-hvorfor).

January 7, 2021: Exemptions from assembly bans for churches and other religious groups have changed. As of January 17, the following applies: there must be 2 meters between participants and 7,5 m2 space for all individuals. Services must be limited to 30 minutes and it is recommended that attendants do not engage in singing. All other religious/church related activities must adhere to the general limitation of 5 persons, except outdoor funerals where the limit is 50 persons 
(https://www.km.dk/fileadmin/share/dokumenter/nyheder/Retningslinjer__fra_7._januar_2021.pdf).

January 13: the government announced that all current lockdown measures and travel restrictions will be prolonged to February 7. The National Parliament is partially closed due to COVID-19.

January 29: the government announced that all current lockdown measures will be prolonged until February 28.

February 1: the government announced that schools will be opened again February 8 for children in grade 0-5 (https://sum.dk/nyheder/2021/februar/genoptagelse-af-undervisning-ved-fysisk-fremmoede-for-elever-i-0-4-klasse).

February 3: the government has agreed with the Danish Industry and the Danish Chamber of Commerce to  develop a COVID-19 passport indicating vaccination status, test results and antibody status (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/politik/regeringen-og-erhverslivet-vil-udvikle-et-coronapas-vi-har-kaempe-forhaabninger).

February 3: A new legislation was approved by the parliament implying a series of minimal requirements of housing offered by employers to their employees regarding distancing, cleaning instructions, etc. This was motivated by the outbreaks of infections among foreign workers in slaughterhouses and building construction sites (https://www.trm.dk/nyheder/2021/flertal-vedtager-ny-lov-mod-smittespredning-i-arbejdstageres-boliger/).

On February 24, a majority in the parliament (consisting of center and left-wing parties) agreed on abolishing on March 1 a number of restrictions aimed at physical distancing. From March 1 (https://www.justitsministeriet.dk/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Aftale.pdf):
- Shops smaller than 5,000 square meters will be allowed to open – except for shops in malls. The restrictions on the number of customers/square meter will be strengthened for the time being
- Shops larger than 5,000 square meters will be allowed to open for a limited number of customers who have made an appointment.
- Cultural institutions in the open will be allowed to open for visitors with a negative COVID-19 test from the latest 72 hours.
- Organized sports activities in the open will be allowed for groups of up to 25 people (increased from five people).
- In Northern and Western Jutland, pupils in schools’ last grade; and students at upper secondary educational institutions (high schools etc.); and adult education will be allowed to show up at the schools every second week on the condition that they get a test for COVID-19 twice a week. Furthermore, independent boarding schools for lower secondary education will be allowed to reopen on condition of the introduction of certain preventive measures. These initiatives are based on an assumption that the municipalities in the two areas will enter into agreements with the Danish Patient Safety Authority on tracing infection and swift and efficient handling of local outbreaks.
- On the island of Bornholm in the Baltic primary schools reopen fully – pupils will be advised to get a test for COVID-19 twice a week. All other educational institutions will also reopen – a test twice a week will be mandatory for students. The ban on assemblies will be eased – from five persons to 10 persons. Businesses in the service sector with close contact between provider and customer will be allowed to reopen on condition of use of face masks and a negative test within the latest 72 hours. Only people with a negative test not older than 72 hours will be allowed to enter the island (https://www.trm.dk/nyheder/2021/passagerer-til-og-fra-bornholm-skal-vise-negativ-coronatest/).
- A broad forum will be established to discuss strategies and data requirements for reopening the country. All the political parties in the parliament will be invited to join the forum.
- All initiatives and restrictions which have not been lifted or changed by this agreement will be extended until April 5.

On March 8, a government proposal for new rules regarding enforced wearing of face masks, testing and isolation in case of positive tests in selected areas with high infection rates was presented to the Parliamentary Committee for Epidemics.  The proposal on face masks and isolation was accepted whereas enforced testing was not approved
(https://www.tv2fyn.dk/odense/politisk-flertal-kun-i-vollsmose-skal-fravalg-af-mundbind-koste-boedestraf).

Based on this, from March 10 to April 7 the police can impose fines of 2500 DKK (around 336 euros) on the spot for citizens who do not wear bandages in the area of Vollsmose Parish. It thus becomes both a criminal offense not to wear a bandage and a criminal offense for the retail trade to fail to sign it. The requirement involves retail, including in department stores, grocery stores, malls, department stores, bazaars, arcades and places that sell food and beverages that are not consumed at the point of sale (take-away), etc. (https://politi.dk/fyns-politi/nyhedsliste/skaerpelse-af-regler-om-brug-af-mundbind-i-vollsmose/2021/03/10).

On March 9 the following elements of a further reopening of society by March 15 were suggested by the government and approved by the Parliamentary Committee for Epidemics:
• Continuation of schools, etc. and folk high schools (long courses) open throughout the country.
• Graduating students in primary schools as well as in youth and adult education in East Jutland, South Jutland, Funen and West and South Zealand can return with 50% attendance (i.e. every other week) according to the same model as the opening in North Jutland and West Jutland.
• Students in 5.-8. class and non-graduate students in youth education in all parts of the country can attend outdoor classes once a week. The same applies to graduating students in primary school and graduating students in upper secondary education in parts of the country where 50% attendance has not yet been opened. In primary and lower secondary school, there will be a strong call for staff and pupils to have a negative test result at attendance that is at most 72 hours old, while a corresponding negative test result for staff and pupils in upper secondary education will be a requirement.
• Primary schools can return with 100% attendance on non-bridged islands according to the same model as the opening on Bornholm.
• Specialty stores of 5,000 m2 or more can have up to 250 customers, and appointments are removed as a requirement for stores of less than 10,000 m2. The requirement for an appointment can be deviated from if another model is established that reduces the risk of collusion (https://www.justitsministeriet.dk/pressemeddelelse/implementering-af-politisk-forstaaelse-af-24-februar-2021-om-genaabning/).

March 15: A majority of the political parties has agreed to conduct an investigation about Covid-19 related deaths in nursing homes (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/politik/efter-923-coronadoedsfald-blandt-plejehjemsbeboere-udbrud-skal-nu-undersoeges).

March 18: Political agreement on additional re-opening steps from Monday, March 22
• The assembly restriction for outdoor gatherings is raised from 5 to 10 persons. It is still recommended to adhere to the limit of 5 persons for indoor gatherings in private homes.
• The limit is raised from 25 to 50 participants in organized outdoor sports activities.
• Pupils in their final year of primary, youth and adult educations in the Capitol region are allowed to meet on the same conditions as in the other regions.
• Vocational/technical school students are allowed to meet physically, when virtual teaching is not possible.
• Outdoor religious services may include up to 50 persons
(https://www.stm.dk/presse/pressemeddelelser/aftale-om-ekstra-genaabning-foer-6-april-2021/).

REOPENING SCHEDULE

On March 22, a large majority in the Danish Parliament agreed on the following schedule for re-opening society in 2021.
The agreement depends on the introduction of a national, electronic ‘Corona-passport’ (for use on mobile phones) which will indicate whether the person:
o has received all the necessary vaccinations,
o has been infected with COVID-19, or
o has had a negative COVID-19 test within the last 72 hours.
The Corona-passport will be configured on the existing web-page ‘Min Sundhed’ (https://www.sundhed.dk/borger/min-side/) by the end of March. Presumably, a more advanced app will be available by the end of May 2021.
Citizens who have received all the necessary vaccinations and do not utilize digital platforms will be offered a physical document which documents their vaccination status.
By August 2021, the political parties will discuss the future for the Corona-passport. The parties agree that the passport will be phased out in the long run and/or only may be used for travel abroad.

Schedule for re-opening society from April 6 2021:
April 6:
o Pupils in 5th-8th grade, and students at upper secondary educational institutions (high schools etc.) and adult education may attend school physically – every second week
o Students attending higher education (university level) with a major share of practical work may attend the university physically every second week. Other students attending higher education may show up one day a week –this opening is primarily aimed at students studying at first or second term
o Students may meet physically in study groups at the educational institutions
o When any citizen older than 50 years, who wants to be vaccinated, has received all the necessary vaccines, all the educational institutions will re-open fully. Until then, the parties supporting the agreement will meet every second week to discuss whether the re-opening of the educational institutions may be accelerated
o The liberal professions, including hair dressers etc. may reopen on condition of use of face mask and documentation (by way of the corona passport) that the customer is free of infection
o Nursing homes will provide more cultural offerings 
April 13:
o Shops in smaller shopping centers (less than 15,000 square meters) may reopen
April 21:
o Larger shopping centers and department stores may reopen
o Restaurants and cafés may serve customers outdoor, if the customers document that they are free of infection (corona passport)
o Museums, galleries and libraries may reopen for citizens free of infection (corona passport)
o Organized sports indoors may reopen for children and young people (below 18 years). A corona passport will not be a precondition
May 6:
o Restaurants and cafés may serve customers indoors, and conference centers, music halls, theatres, cinemas and other cultural institutions may reopen –on the condition that customers/users document that they are free of infection (corona passport)
o Indoors sports facilities may reopen for citizens of 18 years of more who provide documentation that they are free of infection (corona passport)
o At this stage, the national health authorities will review the recommendations on working from home with a view to easing the recommendations
May 21:
o The remaining facilities for sports, spare time and associations –and indoors facilities at amusement parks, zoos and evening schools- may reopen for users/customers who document that they are free of infection (corona passport)
Summer:
o The plan does not include specific dates concerning easing of restrictions on larger assemblies, the nightlife or travel
o The Epidemic Commission will be asked to consider whether and when pubs, bars, discotheques etc. may reopen partly or fully, and whether the ban on selling alcohol between 10 PM and 05 AM may be abolished
o The national government will work for opening for travel abroad (with corona passport), on the condition that valid epidemiological data are available on the relevant countries
o By medio April a fast-working task force will present recommendations on how larger assemblies, festivities etc. may be performed
o By medio April, the national government and the other parties behind the agreement will negotiate on phasing out the assembly ban –based on advice from the Epidemic Commission.

For the agreement in full, see: https://www.stm.dk/media/10258/rammeaftale-om-plan-for-genaabning-af-danmark.pdf

On March 23, the Danish Health Authority published advice on how citizens may enjoy the upcoming Easter with as little risk of infection with COVID-19 as possible –emphasizing the opportunities for walks and recommendations on seeing few people for the traditional Danish Easter dinners
(https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2021/Nyd-paasken-_-og-hold-coronasmitten-fra-doeren).

April 1: The Ministry of Health has declared that the app for the corona passport will be ready by the end of May (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/seneste/app-til-coronapas-vil-vaere-klar-i-slutningen-af-maj).

April 2: According to new guidelines for the corona passport, a positive corona test must be at least 14 days and maximum 12 weeks old if it is to be used as evidence that a person has been infected with COVID-19 (https://erhvervsstyrelsen.dk/vejledning-retningslinjer-om-ansvarlig-indretning-af-liberale-serviceerhverv-i-lyset-af-udbruddet).

April 2: Requirements for checking the corona passport will not apply to unmanned solariums (https://erhvervsstyrelsen.dk/vejledning-retningslinjer-om-ansvarlig-indretning-af-liberale-serviceerhverv-i-lyset-af-udbruddet).



Phase 1
April 6: Most elements of the partial shutdown were prolonged to May 10, including the limit on public assemblies to ten persons at a time. However, the Prime Minister also  announced a gradual re-opening starting on April 15. The first phase is a re-opening of child care facilities and primary school from 1st to 5th grade on April 15. On April 7, the Danish Health Authority published guidelines on the gradual re-opening of schools, including guidelines on distancing between pupils, cleaning of toilets twice a day, etc. The guidelines have been revised several times – most recently on April 16 (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Vejledningerne-for-den-gradvise-kontrollerede-genaabning-af-skoler-og-daginstitutioner-er-opd).

Likewise, on April 11, all parents received an email from the Danish Health Authority about preventive guidelines on the gradual  reopenings of child care facilities and schools, and the local institutions have likewise informed the parents about the local guidelines and local gradual re-opening procedures per e-mail.

The Government has also initiated a dialogue with the industry and unions about a gradual increase in on-site work (as opposed to virtual/at home work). Public employees performing non-critical tasks are to continue working from home. All major public events such as festivals, concerts,etc. are prohibited until September. Exams for primary school students are cancelled and exams for youth educations (gymnasiums) are adjusted/reduced.

April 21: The Government decided that no assemblies of more than 500 people will be allowed until September 1. However, until May 10, assemblies of more than ten people are not allowed

(https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/April/Regerinen-fastsaetter-loft-paa-store-forsamlnger-paa-500-deltagere.aspx).

Phase 2: From May 11/May 18

On May 7, the parliament launched their plans for the further reopening in phases. The goal of the reopening of Denmark is to gradually restore the activity without putting the capacity of the health services under pressure.

The reopening is based on five elements:
• An aggressive testing strategy that includes testing in both a health track and a community track, infection detection and isolation of infected.
• Use of protective equipment, among others to protect the vulnerable groups
• Physical distancing measures
• Good hygiene
• Avoid super-proliferation

Until June 8, the assembly ban still applies so no more than 10 people are allowed to gather.

From May 11, the following are allowed to reopen:
• Shops and shopping malls
• Outdoor sports and community organisations

From May 18, the following are allowed to reopen:
• Cafes, restaurants and pubs
• Libraries (only for lending and hand over of books)
• Secondary school (6-10th grades)
o Teaching and exams with physical attendance requirements resume. Particularly Organized Youth Education (STU), Vocational Education (EUD) and Preparatory Basic Education (FGU) reopen among others.
 
• Voluntary independent residential school for young people between the age of 14 to 18 (“efterskole”).
• Churches and faiths communities
• Zoos for motorists
• Some prisoners will be allowed to receive visits again. The limited reopening is based on a health professional assessment with strict requirements for the physical environment and cleaning (https://www.kriminalforsorgen.dk/om-os/nyt-og-presse/nyheder/kriminalforsorgen-aabner-for-de-foerste-besoeg/)

(http://www.stm.dk/multimedia/07-05-2020_Aftale_om_anden_fase_af_en_kontrolleret_gen_bning.pdf)

Phase 3: From June 8

From June 8, it will be possible for a number of cultural institutions to reopen but no specific dates have yet been set for the reopening of the various institutions.

The assembly ban will be raised from 10 people to 50 people.

The following can open from June 8:

    • Cultural institutions and actitives. E.g. museums, theaters, art galleries, cinemas, aquariums, outdoor amusement parks. Other zoos, botanical gardens, etc. Summer activities for children and young people.
    • Parts of the public sector that are particularly prone to backlogs of cases
    • Public research activities requiring attendance
    • Adult education targeted unemployed (e.g. AMU) and language centers
    • Folk schools
    • Indoor sports and community organisations (e.g. evening schools) It will be further assessed which activities that can be carried out justifiable in terms of public health.

The agreement states that if the development is better than expected, a major reopening in phase 3 may be considered. The following will be included:

    •     Increased physical presence in public workplaces
    •    Full opening of the TV channels: DR and TV2


Phase 4: From mid-August

The following will open:

     •     All other educations.
     •     Discos, concert venues and nightlife
     •     Fitness centers, water parks, large indoor playgrounds and swimming pools.
    

The ban on events and activities and the like in which more than 500 people are present is maintained until at least August 31.

The ban on assemblies is assessed at each phase transition.

-------------------------

The parties at the Parliament will have discussions before each phase transition. Elements of the plan can be accelerated - i.e. taking into account the detailed guidelines of the sectoral partnerships. The development can also imply that elements must be staggered both in relation to the implementation of the individual phases and the content of the individual phases, etc.

The parties agree that since there are large regional differences of the prevalence of COVID-19 infection at present, then at each phase transition there is a basis for discussing whether the opening can be differentiated between the regions, among others, in relation to the public sector.

The parties note that in the coming weeks, the government will implement the testing strategy, including focusing on effective infection detection of close contacts and isolation of infected.

The parties note that if the epidemic flares up, the government can deviate from the overall plan, including with necessary restrictions, etc.

A decision has yet to be made on when to reopen the borders again (the Government is currently in dialogue with the neighbouring countries). The agreement between the parties of the Parliament states it will be announced before June 1.

https://www.regeringen.dk/nyheder/2020/aftale-om-plan-for-genaabning-af-danmark/?fbclid=IwAR1wI0DWe58yKKQ7RpAVOUOSFu9TaSKET4P8RtclK7q0goU6W2V8pti146U

May 10: The distancing requirement is reduced from 2 to 1 meter in accordance with general WHO guidelines and practice in several neighboring countries. This is important as shopping centers, schools, sports facilities etc. will re-open as part of phase 2 (https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Forebyggelse-af-smittespredning/Forebyggelse-af-smittespredning-publikation.ashx?la=da&hash=FD3E64042EEDB7A6C3305BD37A003B5B58B1BC79).


On May 20, a large majority of the parliament agreed to add more elements to the agreement of May 7 on Phase 2 of the re-opening:

Phase 2 from May 11/18 – supplements in the agreement of May 20 implemented immediately or later on

The following may re-open at once:
Culture and activities:
- Museums, theatres, galleries, cinemas, public aquariums
- Zoological and botanical gardens not included in the agreement of May 7
- Public amusement parks and summer activities for children and young people
Research:
- Public research which necessitate the researchers’ presence at specific places
Education:
- Adult education
- High schools and other facilities for education of young people (universities are not included)
- Universities: only verbal exams and education where physical presence of students and teachers is absolutely necessaryAssociations
- Evening courses
- Music teaching (restrictions on choirs)

Health authorities are going to revise restrictions on visits to nursing homes, hospices, psychiatric institutions ,etc., with an eye to abolish restrictions which are not absolutely necessary.

From May 25, close relatives and owners of summerhouses living in the Nordic countries or Germany will be allowed to enter Denmark. So far, they will still be asked to self-quarantine for 14 days after their arrival.


From May 27, the public sector in the west of the Great Belt (three out of five regions) will be allowed to re-open offices. This distinction reflects a much higher indicence of COVID-19 in the eastern part of the country, including the Capital Region.

Phase 3 – June 8 or later – supplements in the agreement of May 20

Health authorities will prepare a plan for re-opening in-door sport facilities in Phase 3 and recommendations on weddings and other parties. Restrictions on assemblies will be eased gradually by June 8 (to 30-50 persons depending on the incidence of COVID-19), July 8 and August 8. Restrictions will probably differ by the kind of assembly.

The Statens Serum Institut will follow the incidence of COVID-19, and the majority in the Paliament may revise the agreement, if the incidence increases
(http://www.stm.dk/multimedia/Aftale.pdf).

From June 15, all flight passengers at Danish airports must wear a face mask from their arrival at a Danish airport until the flight is over. At the same time, airlines have the opportunity to sell all seats on the planes based on the Danish requirement of only at least 1 meter between each person. The rules apply so far without an expiry date (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/politik/flypassagerer-i-danske-lufthavne-skal-baere-mundbind?app_mode=true).


Third phase of re-opening the Danish society started Monday June 8. The following are now allowed to reopen/be resumed:
                    - Sports facilities
                    - Swimming pools
                    - Training and fitness centers
                    - Outdoor amusement parks, including Tivoli and Legoland - with restrictions
                    - Indoor leisure activities and playgrounds for children
                    - Summer activities for children and adolescents
                    - Weddings and other events may be up to 500 persons, if taking place in a restaurant
                    - Conferences and general assemblies may also be up to 500 persons if adhering to specific guidelines
                    - Football/soccer league games may have up to 500 spectators if adhering to specific guidelines
                    - The limit for other types of assemblies is raised to 50 persons
(https://kum.dk/fileadmin/KUM/Documents/COVID-19_DOX/Aftale_om_yderligere_genaabning_af_indendoers_idraets-_og_foreningsliv.pdf).

A new ministerial order eases restrictions on visits to nursing homes and hospitals starting June 11.  The following  conditions now apply:
    - Visits should primarily be outdoors, and it is no longer possible to prohibit outdoor visits
    - Visits can take place indoors in critical situations
    - Visits can take place indoors, but only for 1-2 regular visitors appointed by the nursing home inhabitant, if outdoor meetings are impossible
    - A regular accompanying person can participate in treatment, examination or consultation in hospitals
    - Test are available for voluntary use before visits to nursing homes/hospitals
(https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/Juni/Gradvis-genaabning-paa-plejehjem-og-sygehuse.aspx).

June 12: The Danish Health Authority has revised its guidelines on preventing infection with COVID-19 in nursing homes to include more types of institutions, including hospitals, and to implement the ministerial order of June 11 (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Saadan-kan-plejehjem-og-sygehuse-forebygge-smitte-med-COVID-19-ved-besoeg).

June 12: The Ministry of Culture will allow three experiments with football matches with more than 500 spectators
(https://kum.dk/nyheder-og-presse/pressemeddelelser/nyheder/forsoeg-med-flere-tilskuere-til-tre-fodboldkampe/1/1/).

June 17: The Danish Health Authority published advice on how to reduce the risk of infection when celebrating private parties (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Det-er-muligt-at-holde-fester-men-husk-de-generelle-anbefalinger).

June 19: The Danish health authorities and the Ministry of Education have published new guidelines for educational institutions lifting the requirements for distancing if necessary for the individual institutions in order to follow normal instructions for teaching. These will become effective after the summer holidays (https://www.uvm.dk/aktuelt/nyheder/uvm/2020/jun/200619-nye-retningslinjer-for-dagtilbud-skoler-og-institutioner-er-paa-plads).

June 29: The government published guidelines on visits to nursing homes, hospitals, etc. Basically, from July 2 visitors will be free to visit nursing homes, hospitals, etc., as long as they follow the National Health Authority’s advice on preventing the spread of COVID-19. In the case of local outbreaks, the Danish Patient Safety Authority may introduce temporary restrictions on acess/visits to prevent the spread of the disease  (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/Juni/Regeringen-aabner-endnu-mere-op-for-besoeg-paa-blandt-andet-plejehjem-og-sygehuse.aspx).
        
July 9: The Danish Health Authority published a leaflet that recommends citizens to wear a protective mask to protect others in four cases: 1) if the citizen is infected or has symptoms of COVID-19 and need to disrupt self-isolation due to transport to and from the hospital; 2) if the citizen is on the way home from, for example, the airport after a trip to a high-risk area abroad to go to self-isolation; 3) if the citizen is in close contact with someone who is infected and need to break self-isolation due to transport to and from the test center; 4) if the citizen is a relative of a person at increased risk and cannot keep the distance to the person, e.g. because the person is in need of care and attention (https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Mundbind/25875_SST_Corona_Mundbindindsats_Folder_A5_Digital_0907.ashx?la=da&hash=5071DD0BDC62023449D1829D624EACCAD3668414).

July 31: The Danish Health Authority has expanded the recommendations regarding protective masks to also include public transport when recommended distancing is not possible, and people are now advised to purchase protective masks and keep them for use whenever necessary (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Et-mundbind-i-tasken-er-en-god-ide_-naar-der-er-traengsel-i-den-kollektive-trafik).

August 5: Pre-booking of seats is no longer required by the National Danish Railways (DSB) when traveling in regional and intercity trains. This is motivated by the advise (July 31) by the Danish Health Authorities to wear masks in public transport when recommended distancing is not possible (https://www.dsb.dk/coronavirus/pladskrav/).

August 6: The Government has decided not to raise the maximum limit of people in assemblies without seating from 100 to 200 as originally planned for August 8. This is motivated by the increasing number of persons infected in Denmark (https://politiken.dk/indland/art7879083/Stigende-smitte-bremser-lempelse-af-forsamlingsforbud).