Policy responses for Denmark - HSRM

Denmark


Policy responses for Denmark

1.2 Physical distancing

Physical distancing measures have been implemented progressively in Denmark. In particular:

March 3: The Danish National Health Authority recommends all citizens who have been in China, Iran, parts of South Korea or four regions in Italy to stay in self-isolation at home. Employees in the healthcare sector are imposed to stay at home for two weeks if they have been in any of these areas. The government urges Danish companies to pay the corresponding salary to employees who choose to stay at home for two weeks after a visit to the Corona-afflicted areas.

March 6: The government urges all activities with more than 1,000 people to be postponed or cancelled for the rest of March. The Danish Health Authority calls on citizens to stop greetings that involve shaking hands, kissing and hugging.

March 13: All non-critical public sector employees are required to work from home until 30 March. In addition, private sector firms are asked to use work-at-home as much as possible. Child care facilities, schools, universities and other educational institutions are closed (converted to online/digital teaching). Public culture and sports facilities are closed. Assemblies of more than 100 persons are strongly discouraged.

March 14: Danish borders are closed. Danish citizens and foreign citizens with a recognized purpose are still able to enter Denmark. Deployed soldiers are not allowed to return to Denmark on leave for the foreseeable (short-term) future.

March 18: Further limitations on gatherings are implemented (more than 10 persons prohibited). Restaurants, shopping centers, sports facilities, shops and businesses with close contact are closed. All religious confirmation ceremonies are postponed to after Pentecost in the beginning of June. Hospitals and nursing homes, etc., may reduce access by visitors to reduce the risk of transmission (https://www.retsinformation.dk/Forms/R0710.aspx?id=213463" https://www.retsinformation.dk/Forms/R0710.aspx?id=213463 – revised on April 4: https://www.retsinformation.dk/eli/lta/2020/371). Prisons do not receive new prisoners, do not allow visits to prisoners, and do not allow prisoners to go on leave (https://www.kriminalforsorgen.dk/corona/). Dentists are required to close their clinics for all non-acute patients for the next three months (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/indland/nu-er-det-slut-med-tandlaegebesoeg-epidemien-stopper-alle-ikke-kritiske-behandlinger). Further, the Danish Health Authority offers individual recommendations to dormitories on how to reduce the risk of transmission of COVID-19.

March 23: The partial shut down of Denmark was prolonged until April 13.

March 31: The Danish Parliament passed an act providing the government with the right to forbid gatherings of more than two people in public places - so far the government has not utilized this opportunity:
https://www.retsinformation.dk/eli/ft/201913L00158

April 1: The Danish Health Authority published a guideline for practicing specialists recommending that they avoid examining or treating patients face-to-face in their practice and, if possible, to use telephone or video links:
https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Praktiserende-speciallaeger-faar-nye-rolle-under-COVID-19-epidemien

April 6: Most elements of the partial shutdown were prolonged to May 10.  However, the Prime Minister also announced a gradual re-opening of society would occur in phases, starting on April 15.

April 21: Following up on media reports about congestion in buses, the government has forbidden bus operators from selling tickets to more than 50% of the seats in each departure (https://www.trm.dk/nyheder/2020/ny-bekendtgoerelse-om-tilladt-maksimalbelaegning-i-fjernbusser/).

April 25: For the first time, the police closed public access to a public outdoor area, a shopping area on the Island of Rømø in southwestern Denmark, because too many people gathered in the area, breaking the ban on gatherings of more than 10 people (https://politi.dk/syd-og-soenderjyllands-politi/nyhedsliste/midlertidigt-opholdsforbud-ved-lakolk-butikscenter/2020/04/25). On April 23, following a day with sunny weather and high temperatures, the head of the police had already warned that unless people observed the ban, the police would close some public areas (https://nyheder.tv2.dk/samfund/2020-04-23-politiet-varsler-nye-tiltag-vil-forhindre-for-store-forsamlinger). On April 24, the police published a list of such 'hotspots' (https://politi.dk/rigspolitiet/nyhedsliste/her-er-politiets-corona-hotspots/2020/04/24). On June 2, following a Pentecost weekend with sunny and warm weather, the police has prohibited temporary stay at a popular suntanning and swimming place (Nordhavn, Copenhagen) for two days (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/koebenhavns-politi-indfoerer-opholdsforbud-paa-sandkaj-goeteborg-plads/2020/06/02).


May 4: The Danish Health Authority has revised their recommendations to persons in higher risk based on the current available knowledge about COVID-19. Persons in high risk are now: persons aged 70+, especially 80+; persons aged 65+ with chronic disease(s); persons at residential homes; persons with obesity (BMI˂30 + chronic disease(s) or BMI˂35); persons with certain chronic disease(s); certain children with a chronic disease; persons without permanent residence; pregnant women (according to the precautionary principle).

In order to mitigate the negative mental health consequences of the recommended preventive measures, the Danish Health Authority states that it is acceptable to hug your closest relatives, for example, partner, children and grandchildren, but underscores that handshakes, kisses on cheeks and hugs to anyone other than closest relatives should be avoided (https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Haandtering-af-COVID-19/Personer-med-%C3%B8get-risiko/Haandtering-af-COVID-19-Anbefalinger-til-personer-i-oeget-risiko.ashx?la=da&hash=18DA603035A48EA9E44DE91737CB7BD240F1C4A8" https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Haandtering-af-COVID-19/Personer-med-%C3%B8get-risiko/Haandtering-af-COVID-19-Anbefalinger-til-personer-i-oeget-risiko.ashx?la=da&hash=18DA603035A48EA9E44DE91737CB7BD240F1C4A8, version May 20, 2020).

May 12: The Danish Health Authority published a minor revision of their recommendations to persons in increased risk:
- Citizens in increased risk and people working in the health care sector and living with a person in increased risk should not perform duties involving close contact with citizens with suspected or confirmed COVID-19
- More detailed recommendations on working from home for pregnant women from week 28
- Revised recommendations on the use of towels and choice of temperature for washing clothes
(https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Haandtering-af-COVID-19/Personer-med-%C3%B8get-risiko/Haandtering-af-COVID-19-Anbefalinger-til-personer-i-oeget-risiko.ashx?la=da&hash=18DA603035A48EA9E44DE91737CB7BD240F1C4A8" https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Haandtering-af-COVID-19/Personer-med-%C3%B8get-risiko/Haandtering-af-COVID-19-Anbefalinger-til-personer-i-oeget-risiko.ashx?la=da&hash=18DA603035A48EA9E44DE91737CB7BD240F1C4A8, version May 20).

May 14: The Danish Health Authority published a leaflet for citizens who are going to be tested for COVID-19 and citizens who have been tested positive for COVID-19: https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Information-til-dig-der-er-testet-positiv-for-ny-coronavirus-og-til-dig-der-skal-testes 

May 19: The police publishes a dynamic (constantly revised) national report on the number of ‘hotspots’ which the public is encouraged to avoid.

By October 22, there were 11 hotspots in Denmark with restricted or prohibited access or restricted to transit only in specific time periods, whereas 4 areas in Copenhagen were changed into warning zones under special observation by the police  (https://coronasmitte.dk/hotspots-og-opholdsforbud) and (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/opholdsforbudszoner-bliver-til-advarselszoner/2020/10/21). 

Phase 1
April 6: Most elements of the partial shutdown were prolonged to May 10, including the limit on public assemblies to ten persons at a time. However, the Prime Minister also announced a gradual re-opening starting on April 15. The first phase is a re-opening of child care facilities and primary school from 1st to 5th grade on April 15. On April 7, the Danish Health Authority published guidelines on the gradual re-opening of schools, including guidelines on distancing between pupils, cleaning of toilets twice a day, etc. The guidelines have been revised several times – most recently on April 16 (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Vejledningerne-for-den-gradvise-kontrollerede-genaabning-af-skoler-og-daginstitutioner-er-opd).

Likewise, on April 11, all parents received an email from the Danish Health Authority about preventive guidelines on the gradual reopening of child care facilities and schools, and the local institutions have likewise informed the parents about the local guidelines and local gradual re-opening procedures per e-mail.

The Government has also initiated a dialogue with the industry and unions about a gradual increase in on-site work (as opposed to virtual/at home work). Public employees performing non-critical tasks are to continue working from home. All major public events such as festivals, concerts etc. are prohibited until September. Exams for primary school students are cancelled and exams for youth educations (gymnasiums) are adjusted/reduced.

April 21: The Government decided that no assemblies of more than 500 people will be allowed until September 1. However, until May 10, assemblies of more than ten people are not allowed

(https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/April/Regerinen-fastsaetter-loft-paa-store-forsamlnger-paa-500-deltagere.aspx).

Phase 2: From May 11/May 18

On May 7, the parliament launched their plans for the further reopening in phases. The goal of the reopening of Denmark is to gradually restore the activity without putting the capacity of the health services under pressure.

The reopening is based on five elements:
• An aggressive testing strategy that includes testing in both a health track and a community track, infection detection and isolation of infected.
• Use of protective equipment, among others to protect the vulnerable groups
• Physical distancing measures
• Good hygiene
• Avoid super-proliferation

Until June 8, the assembly ban still applies so no more than 10 people are allowed to gather.

From May 11, the following are allowed to reopen:
• Shops and shopping malls
• Outdoor sports and community organizations

From May 18, the following are allowed to reopen:
• Cafes, restaurants and pubs
• Libraries (only for lending and hand over of books)
• Secondary school (6-10th grades)
o Teaching and exams with physical attendance requirements resume. Particularly Organized Youth Education (STU), Vocational Education (EUD) and Preparatory Basic Education (FGU) reopen among others.
 
• Voluntary independent residential school for young people between the age of 14 to 18 (“efterskole”).
• Churches and faiths communities
• Zoos for motorists
• Some prisoners will be allowed to receive visits again. The limited reopening is based on a health professional assessment with strict requirements for the physical environment and cleaning (https://www.kriminalforsorgen.dk/om-os/nyt-og-presse/nyheder/kriminalforsorgen-aabner-for-de-foerste-besoeg/)

(http://www.stm.dk/multimedia/07-05-2020_Aftale_om_anden_fase_af_en_kontrolleret_gen_bning.pdf)

Phase 3: From June 8

From June 8, it will be possible for a number of cultural institutions to reopen but no specific dates have yet been set for the reopening of the various institutions.

The assembly ban will be raised from 10 people to 50 people.

The following can open from June 8:

    • Cultural institutions and activities. E.g. museums, theaters, art galleries, cinemas, aquariums, outdoor amusement parks. Other zoos, botanical gardens, etc. Summer activities for children and young people.
    • Parts of the public sector that are particularly prone to backlogs of cases
    • Public research activities requiring attendance
    • Adult education targeted unemployed (e.g. AMU) and language centers
    • Folk schools
    • Indoor sports and community organizations (e.g. evening schools) It will be further assessed which activities that can be carried out jjustifiable in terms of public health.

The agreement states that if the development is better than expected, a major reopening in phase 3 may be considered. The following will be included:

    •     Increased physical presence in public workplaces
    •    Full opening of the TV channels: DR and TV2


Phase 4: From mid-August

The following will open:

     •     All other educations.
     •     Discos, concert venues and nightlife
     •     Fitness centers, water parks, large indoor playgrounds and swimming pools.
    

The ban on events and activities and the like in which more than 500 people are present is maintained until at least August 31.

The ban on assemblies is assessed at each phase transition.

-------------------------

The parties at the Parliament will have discussions before each phase transition. Elements of the plan can be accelerated - i.e. taking into account the detailed guidelines of the sectoral partnerships. The development can also imply that elements must be staggered both in relation to the implementation of the individual phases and the content of the individual phases, etc.

The parties agree that since there are large regional differences of the prevalence of COVID-19 infection at present, then at each phase transition there is a basis for discussing whether the opening can be differentiated between the regions, among others, in relation to the public sector.

The parties note that in the coming weeks, the government will implement the testing strategy, including focusing on effective infection detection of close contacts and isolation of infected.

The parties note that if the epidemic flares up, the government can deviate from the overall plan, including with necessary restrictions, etc.

A decision has yet to be made on when to reopen the borders again (the Government is currently in dialogue with the neighboring countries). The agreement between the parties of the Parliament states it will be announced before June 1.

https://www.regeringen.dk/nyheder/2020/aftale-om-plan-for-genaabning-af-danmark/?fbclid=IwAR1wI0DWe58yKKQ7RpAVOUOSFu9TaSKET4P8RtclK7q0goU6W2V8pti146U

May 10: The distancing requirement is reduced from 2 to 1 meter in accordance with general WHO guidelines and practice in several neighboring countries. This is important as shopping centers, schools, sports facilities etc. will re-open as part of phase 2 (https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Forebyggelse-af-smittespredning/Forebyggelse-af-smittespredning-publikation.ashx?la=da&hash=FD3E64042EEDB7A6C3305BD37A003B5B58B1BC79).


On May 20, a large majority of the parliament agreed to add more elements to the agreement of May 7 on Phase 2 of the re-opening:

Phase 2 from May 11/18 – supplements in the agreement of May 20 implemented immediately or later on

The following may re-open at once:
Culture and activities:
- Museums, theatres, galleries, cinemas, public aquariums
- Zoological and botanical gardens not included in the agreement of May 7
- Public amusement parks and summer activities for children and young people
Research:
- Public research which necessitate the researchers’ presence at specific places
Education:
- Adult education
- High schools and other facilities for education of young people (universities are not included)
- Universities: only verbal exams and education where physical presence of students and teachers is absolutely necessary
- Associations
- Evening courses
- Music teaching (restrictions on choirs)

Health authorities are going to revise restrictions on visits to nursing homes, hospices, psychiatric institutions etc., with an eye to abolish restrictions which are not absolutely necessary.

From May 25, close relatives and owners of summerhouses living in the Nordic countries or Germany will be allowed to enter Denmark. So far, they will still be asked to self-quarantine for 14 days after their arrival.


From May 27, the public sector in the west of the Great Belt (three out of five regions) will be allowed to re-open offices. This distinction reflects a much higher incidence of COVID-19 in the eastern part of the country, including the Capital Region.

Phase 3 – June 8 or later – supplements in the agreement of May 20

Health authorities will prepare a plan for re-opening in-door sport facilities in Phase 3 and recommendations on weddings and other parties. Restrictions on assemblies will be eased gradually by June 8 (to 30-50 persons depending on the incidence of COVID-19), July 8 and August 8. Restrictions will probably differ by the kind of assembly.

The Statens Serum Institut will follow the incidence of COVID-19, and the majority in the Parliament may revise the agreement, if the incidence increases
(http://www.stm.dk/multimedia/Aftale.pdf).

From June 15, all flight passengers at Danish airports must wear a face mask from their arrival at a Danish airport until the flight is over. At the same time, airlines have the opportunity to sell all seats on the planes based on the Danish requirement of only at least 1 meter between each person. The rules apply so far without an expiry date (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/politik/flypassagerer-i-danske-lufthavne-skal-baere-mundbind?app_mode=true).


Third phase of re-opening the Danish society started Monday June 8. The following are now allowed to reopen/be resumed:
                    - Sports facilities
                    - Swimming pools
                    - Training and fitness centers
                    - Outdoor amusement parks, including Tivoli and Legoland - with restrictions
                    - Indoor leisure activities and playgrounds for children
                    - Summer activities for children and adolescents
                    - Weddings and other events may be up to 500 persons, if taking place in a restaurant
                    - Conferences and general assemblies may also be up to 500 persons if adhering to specific guidelines
                    - Football/soccer league games may have up to 500 spectators if adhering to specific guidelines
                    - The limit for other types of assemblies is raised to 50 persons
(https://kum.dk/fileadmin/KUM/Documents/COVID-19_DOX/Aftale_om_yderligere_genaabning_af_indendoers_idraets-_og_foreningsliv.pdf).

A new ministerial order eases restrictions on visits to nursing homes and hospitals starting June 11.  The following  conditions now apply:
    - Visits should primarily be outdoors, and it is no longer possible to prohibit outdoor visits
    - Visits can take place indoors in critical situations
    - Visits can take place indoors, but only for 1-2 regular visitors appointed by the nursing home inhabitant, if outdoor meetings are impossible
    - A regular accompanying person can participate in treatment, examination or consultation in hospitals
    - Test are available for voluntary use before visits to nursing homes/hospitals
(https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/Juni/Gradvis-genaabning-paa-plejehjem-og-sygehuse.aspx).

June 12: The Danish Health Authority has revised its guidelines on preventing infection with COVID-19 in nursing homes to include more types of institutions, including hospitals, and to implement the ministerial order of June 11 (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Saadan-kan-plejehjem-og-sygehuse-forebygge-smitte-med-COVID-19-ved-besoeg).

June 12: The Ministry of Culture will allow three experiments with football matches with more than 500 spectators
(https://kum.dk/nyheder-og-presse/pressemeddelelser/nyheder/forsoeg-med-flere-tilskuere-til-tre-fodboldkampe/1/1/).

June 17: The Danish Health Authority published advice on how to reduce the risk of infection when celebrating private parties (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Det-er-muligt-at-holde-fester-men-husk-de-generelle-anbefalinger).

June 19: The Danish Health Authority and the Ministry of Education have published new guidelines for educational institutions lifting the requirements for distancing if necessary for the individual institutions in order to follow normal instructions for teaching. These will become effective after the summer holidays (https://www.uvm.dk/aktuelt/nyheder/uvm/2020/jun/200619-nye-retningslinjer-for-dagtilbud-skoler-og-institutioner-er-paa-plads).

June 29: The government published guidelines on visits to nursing homes, hospitals, etc. Basically, from July 2 visitors will be free to visit nursing homes, hospitals, etc., as long as they follow the National Health Authority’s advice on preventing the spread of COVID-19. In the case of local outbreaks, the Danish Patient Safety Authority may introduce temporary restrictions on access/visits to prevent the spread of the disease  (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/Juni/Regeringen-aabner-endnu-mere-op-for-besoeg-paa-blandt-andet-plejehjem-og-sygehuse.aspx).
        
July 9: The Danish Health Authority published a leaflet that recommends citizens to wear a protective mask to protect others in four cases: 1) if the citizen is infected or has symptoms of COVID-19 and need to disrupt self-isolation due to transport to and from the hospital; 2) if the citizen is on the way home from, for example, the airport after a trip to a high-risk area abroad to go to self-isolation; 3) if the citizen is in close contact with someone who is infected and need to break self-isolation due to transport to and from the test center; 4) if the citizen is a relative of a person at increased risk and cannot keep the distance to the person, e.g. because the person is in need of care and attention (https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Mundbind/25875_SST_Corona_Mundbindindsats_Folder_A5_Digital_0907.ashx?la=da&hash=5071DD0BDC62023449D1829D624EACCAD3668414).

July 31: The Danish Health Authority has expanded the recommendations regarding protective masks to also include public transport when recommended distancing is not possible, and people are now advised to purchase protective masks and keep them for use whenever necessary (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Et-mundbind-i-tasken-er-en-god-ide_-naar-der-er-traengsel-i-den-kollektive-trafik).

August 5: Pre-booking of seats is no longer required by the National Danish Railways (DSB) when traveling in regional and intercity trains. This is motivated by the advice (July 31) by the Danish Health Authority to wear masks in public transport when recommended distancing is not possible (https://www.dsb.dk/coronavirus/pladskrav/).

August 6: The Government has decided not to raise the maximum limit of people in assemblies without seating from 100 to 200 as originally planned for August 8. This is motivated by the increasing number of persons infected in Denmark (https://www.sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/August/Forsamlingsforbuddet-bliver-ikke-haevet.aspx).

Agreement on limited phase 4 re-opening:
 
The political parties of the Folketing have agreed on details of phase 4 of the re-opening:
 
• The requirement that foreign guests must book at least 6 nights when staying in hotels in Denmark is removed.
• Restaurants and bars are now allowed to stay open until 02:00. However, they are not allowed to admit new guests after 23:00 and must adhere to general distancing rules.
• Outdoor funeral ceremonies are limited to 200 participants.
• Additional testing capacity will be established in western Denmark (Jutland) to accommodate increased demand after the surge in new COVID-19 cases in Aarhus and Silkeborg. The aim is to provide access within 24 hours for all citizens and to provide results the day after for at least 80% of the persons tested.
• The government announced an intention to increase control of adherence to self-isolation rules, and that it may take steps to secure mandatory self-isolation in case of non-compliance
• Other previously promised re-opening measures such as opening of nightclubs and concert venues, and allowing assemblies of more than 100/500 persons, are postponed due to rising number of new COVID-19 cases in Denmark.


Protective face masks:
• On August 11 the Government issued an administrative order mandating the use of face masks in public transportation in five municipalities in Central Jutland after a surge in confirmed COVID-19 cases in the area
• On August 15, the Government announced that it will be mandatory to wear face masks in public transportation in the entire country and at all times, starting august 22.


The requirement to wear face masks in public transportation (including train/bus stations, taxis and ride sharing vehicles) entered into effect on August 22nd. At the same time, the government announced that municipalities will provide face masks free of charge to economically challenged citizens (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/August/Krav-om-mundbind-eller-visir-i-al-kollektiv-transport.aspx).

On August 21, the Danish Health Authority published recommendations and a report on the evidence concerning use of face masks (https://www.sst.dk/da/Udgivelser/2020/Brug-af-mundbind-i-det-offentlige-rum-dokumentation).

September 7: Municipalities with more than 20 infected per 100,000 inhabitants are subject to stricter restrictions in the next 14 days. Legally, restrictions on assembly bans and opening hours can only come into force on September 9, but the health authorities recommend that citizens already comply with them and all the other measures. The current affected municipalities, in addition to Copenhagen and Odense, are: Albertslund, Ballerup, Brøndby, Dragør, Frederiksberg, Gentofte, Gladsaxe, Glostrup, Herlev, Hvidovre, Høje-Taastrup, Ishøj, Lyngby-Tårbæk, Rødovre, Tårnby and Vallensbæk (18 in total).


The most important restrictions are:
• The assembly ban is lowered from 100 to 50 people
• Bars and restaurants must close by midnight at the latest
• The planned expansion of the number of spectators for sporting events is postponed.

All social events and all professional events with more than 50 participants at the universities in Copenhagen, Odense and Roskilde will be canceled until 23 September.

All employees in Odense municipality have been sent home. The consulting company Rambøll has sent 1,800 employees home from the offices in Copenhagen and Odense. A significant number of employees in the Municipality of Copenhagen, and in several companies, including TV2 and DR, have been sent home. The health authorities strongly urge all persons in the affected municipalities to work from home as far as possible (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/indland/overblik-her-er-de-aendrede-restriktioner; https://www.sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/September/~/media/Filer%20-%20dokumenter/01-corona/07092020-Pmoede/Information.pdf).

September 9: The Danish Health and Medicines Authority published a new booklet about important infection prevention recommendations at private events, parties and celebrations hold in a private home, garden or places where there is no professional help, e.g. celebration in a community center. The booklet advices stricter recommendations to limit the number of guests and increased awareness that guests must keep at least one meter distance from each other. Recommendations include to ensure at least 2 meters distance when singing and speaking, as well as to replace activities such as dancing and party games with a high level of activity with activities where the risk of infection is less (https://www.sst.dk/da/udgivelser/2020/private-fejringer-og-arrangementer).

September 10: The police has closed public access from 6 pm to 6 am to two public outdoor areas, a skater park and a park (Skaterparken and Nørrebroparken-Hørsholmparken), in the Nørrebro neighborhood of Copenhagen from Thursday-Sunday as they have been a gathering point for partying young people. The capital is currently experiencing a marked increase in the number of Covid-19 infections, where a large proportion of those infected are between 20 and 29 years old (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/opholdsforbud-i-dele-af-noerrebroparken/2020/09/10). Warning zones (areas which the police focuses on) include specific areas in Copenhagen: Kongens Have, parts of Fælledparken, Islands Brygge, Dronning Louises Bro and the area of Sandkaj and Göteborg Plads.

September 15: Due to the rising number of infections in the Copenhagen area, the Government has announced new restriction and measures that will come into force from September 17 until October 1 in the Copenhagen area including 17 municipalities. This implies that restaurants, bars and pubs must close at 10pm. Facemasks are required in these facilities when not seated and clear signposting of maximum number of guests must be shown. Private parties like weddings, etc. are still allowed, but recommended to stop at 10pm. No more than 500 people are allowed to be present at football matches. The police will increase control of potential hotspots (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/indland/nye-restriktioner-i-storkoebenhavn-mundbind-paa-restauranter-og-natteliv-skal-lukke).  

September 17: The Copenhagen police has temporarily prohibited public access in a small zone in the city with many restaurants and bars from 10 pm to 2 am until September 23. The previous temporary prohibition of public access in two other areas of the city has been prolonged over the coming weekend (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/opholdsforbud-i-dele-af-k%C3%B8dbyen/2020/09/17). Two more so-called warning zones have also been added to the previous 5 zones where the police are giving special attention to crowding.

September 18: Due to the rising number of infected persons distributed across the country, the government has presented new national restrictions similar to those already established for the Copenhagen area.
These imply that restaurants, bars and pubs must close at 10pm all over the country and facemasks are required in these facilities when not seated. The general assembly ban is lowered to 50 people in the whole country except for certain events with sitting arrangements, which can include up to 500 persons.  These restrictions will be effective from September 19 until October 4 (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/indland/regeringen-lukker-barer-og-restauranter-i-hele-landet-klokken-22).
Generally, teleworking is now recommended if possible, as well as travelling outside rush hours and limiting the number and duration of social contacts.

September 18: The Ministry of Transport and Housing temporarily (until October 4) outlawed drinking alcohol in buses in an effort to prevent infection in the so-called ‘party buses’, where citizens party in buses driving around in, for example, Copenhagen
(https://www.trm.dk/nyheder/2020/midlertidigt-stop-for-alkohol-i-busser/).

September 21: The National Health Authority recommended schools and other educational institutions not to perform social events or other gatherings (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Sociale-arrangementer-ifm-dagtilbud-skoler-og-andre-boer-aflyses-i-den-kommende-tid).

September 23: The Copenhagen police prolonged the temporary restriction of September 17 until September 30 (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/opholdsforbud-forlaenges-i-koedbyen-og-noerrebroparken/2020/09/23).  On September 30, the Copenhagen police prolonged this temporary restriction again until October 7 (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/opholdsforbud-forlaenges-i-koedbyen-og-noerrebroparken/2020/09/30). On October 7, this temporary restriction was prolonged until October 14 (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/opholdsforbud-forlaenges-i-koedbyen-og-noerrebroparken/2020/10/07). On October 14, it was prolonged until October 21 (https://politi.dk/koebenhavns-politi/nyhedsliste/opholdsforbud-forlaenges-i-koedbyen-og-noerrebroparken/2020/10/14).

September 25: The National Government prolonged the restrictions introduced on September 18 until October 18. Furthermore, the government removed the general permission to arrangements with more than 50 participants, where the participants in general are seated – in effect outlawing parties with more than 50 participants. It is still possible to perform arrangements, where up to 500 people are seated facing in the same direction (cinemas, theatres, stadiums, concerts, etc.) (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/September/Stigende-smitte-faar-myndighederne-til-at-forlaenge-og-skaerpe-tiltag-mod-COVID-19.aspx).

September 28: The Danish Health Authority published new guidelines on the use of face masks at hospitals and in general practices in situations with no specific suspicion of COVID-19-infection:
health care personnel, patients/citizens and relatives should wear face masks if they cannot keep a distance of at least one meter – two meters if the patient/citizen is in increased risk of COVID-19.
Meanwhile the Authority abandoned the recommendation that health care personnel should wear face masks if they are face to face with a patient/citizen for more than 15 minutes or have many brief face to face contacts with patients/citizens in a working day.

The Authority added that it may make it mandatory for health care personnel, patients/citizens and relatives to wear protective equipment (face masks, face shields, etc.) at any time at hospitals and in general practices. If so, the Authority will prepare more detailed guidelines on when to wear the equipment (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Nu-skal-masker-bruges-langt-oftere-paa-sygehuse_-plejehjem-og-ved-laegen).

October 1: To reduce the risk of transmission of COVID-10 from mink to people and between mink, the Ministry of Environment and Food of Denmark announced plans to destroy all mink in infected mink farms and farms in their vicinity. The plans concern up to 100 farms with approx. 1 million mink in the Northern part of Jutland, where there is a high prevalence of COVID-19 in mink farms (https://mfvm.dk/nyheder/nyhed/nyhed/smittede-minkbesaetninger-skal-slaas-ned/).

October 3: The Minister of Justice warns of stricter fines for violating the assembly ban of 50 people at the type of parties for anyone held without permission in an empty building, in a private area or in a public place. Fines will be 4,000 DKR to participate (around 537 euros), and 10,000 DKR to arrange these parties (around 1,344 euros).

The larger fines will become a reality if the Attorney General can convince the courts in a number of trial cases that penalties must be increased (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/indland/hoejere-boeder-piratfester-4000-kroner-deltage-10000-arrangere).

On October 5, the Danish Working Environment Authority reported that during the next two weeks 50 inspectors will visit restaurants, bars, shops, slaughterhouses and mink farms to check up on the businesses’ efforts to prevent the spread of COVID-19. The specific lines of business were chosen based on specific cases of infection or contact with a large number of customers, which increases the risk of spread of the disease. Proactively, every business in the lines of business mentioned above will receive a letter with advice from the Authority on preventing the spread of COVID-19
(https://bm.dk/nyheder-presse/pressemeddelelser/2020/10/arbejdstilsynet-saetter-ind-mod-smittespredning/).

October 8: The restrictions implemented on September 18 implying that restaurants, bars and pubs must close at 10pm all over the country, that facemasks are required in these facilities when not seated, and that the general assembly ban is lowered to 50 people in the whole country except for certain events with sitting arrangements, which can include up to 500 persons, will be prolonged until October 31.

September 18: The Ministry of Transport and Housing temporarily (until October 4) outlawed drinking alcohol in buses in an effort to prevent infection in the so-called ‘party buses’, where citizens party in buses driving around in, for example, Copenhagen. On October 1, the ban was extended to October 19 (https://www.retsinformation.dk/eli/lta/2020/1441), and on October 8, the ban was extended to November 1 (https://www.retsinformation.dk/eli/lta/2020/1459).

Phase 1
April 6: Most elements of the partial shutdown were prolonged to May 10, including the limit on public assemblies to ten persons at a time. However, the Prime Minister also  announced a gradual re-opening starting on April 15. The first phase is a re-opening of child care facilities and primary school from 1st to 5th grade on April 15. On April 7, the Danish Health Authority published guidelines on the gradual re-opening of schools, including guidelines on distancing between pupils, cleaning of toilets twice a day, etc. The guidelines have been revised several times – most recently on April 16 (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Vejledningerne-for-den-gradvise-kontrollerede-genaabning-af-skoler-og-daginstitutioner-er-opd).

Likewise, on April 11, all parents received an email from the Danish Health Authority about preventive guidelines on the gradual  reopenings of child care facilities and schools, and the local institutions have likewise informed the parents about the local guidelines and local gradual re-opening procedures per e-mail.

The Government has also initiated a dialogue with the industry and unions about a gradual increase in on-site work (as opposed to virtual/at home work). Public employees performing non-critical tasks are to continue working from home. All major public events such as festivals, concerts,etc. are prohibited until September. Exams for primary school students are cancelled and exams for youth educations (gymnasiums) are adjusted/reduced.

April 21: The Government decided that no assemblies of more than 500 people will be allowed until September 1. However, until May 10, assemblies of more than ten people are not allowed

(https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/April/Regerinen-fastsaetter-loft-paa-store-forsamlnger-paa-500-deltagere.aspx).

Phase 2: From May 11/May 18

On May 7, the parliament launched their plans for the further reopening in phases. The goal of the reopening of Denmark is to gradually restore the activity without putting the capacity of the health services under pressure.

The reopening is based on five elements:
• An aggressive testing strategy that includes testing in both a health track and a community track, infection detection and isolation of infected.
• Use of protective equipment, among others to protect the vulnerable groups
• Physical distancing measures
• Good hygiene
• Avoid super-proliferation

Until June 8, the assembly ban still applies so no more than 10 people are allowed to gather.

From May 11, the following are allowed to reopen:
• Shops and shopping malls
• Outdoor sports and community organisations

From May 18, the following are allowed to reopen:
• Cafes, restaurants and pubs
• Libraries (only for lending and hand over of books)
• Secondary school (6-10th grades)
o Teaching and exams with physical attendance requirements resume. Particularly Organized Youth Education (STU), Vocational Education (EUD) and Preparatory Basic Education (FGU) reopen among others.
 
• Voluntary independent residential school for young people between the age of 14 to 18 (“efterskole”).
• Churches and faiths communities
• Zoos for motorists
• Some prisoners will be allowed to receive visits again. The limited reopening is based on a health professional assessment with strict requirements for the physical environment and cleaning (https://www.kriminalforsorgen.dk/om-os/nyt-og-presse/nyheder/kriminalforsorgen-aabner-for-de-foerste-besoeg/)

(http://www.stm.dk/multimedia/07-05-2020_Aftale_om_anden_fase_af_en_kontrolleret_gen_bning.pdf)

Phase 3: From June 8

From June 8, it will be possible for a number of cultural institutions to reopen but no specific dates have yet been set for the reopening of the various institutions.

The assembly ban will be raised from 10 people to 50 people.

The following can open from June 8:

    • Cultural institutions and actitives. E.g. museums, theaters, art galleries, cinemas, aquariums, outdoor amusement parks. Other zoos, botanical gardens, etc. Summer activities for children and young people.
    • Parts of the public sector that are particularly prone to backlogs of cases
    • Public research activities requiring attendance
    • Adult education targeted unemployed (e.g. AMU) and language centers
    • Folk schools
    • Indoor sports and community organisations (e.g. evening schools) It will be further assessed which activities that can be carried out justifiable in terms of public health.

The agreement states that if the development is better than expected, a major reopening in phase 3 may be considered. The following will be included:

    •     Increased physical presence in public workplaces
    •    Full opening of the TV channels: DR and TV2


Phase 4: From mid-August

The following will open:

     •     All other educations.
     •     Discos, concert venues and nightlife
     •     Fitness centers, water parks, large indoor playgrounds and swimming pools.
    

The ban on events and activities and the like in which more than 500 people are present is maintained until at least August 31.

The ban on assemblies is assessed at each phase transition.

-------------------------

The parties at the Parliament will have discussions before each phase transition. Elements of the plan can be accelerated - i.e. taking into account the detailed guidelines of the sectoral partnerships. The development can also imply that elements must be staggered both in relation to the implementation of the individual phases and the content of the individual phases, etc.

The parties agree that since there are large regional differences of the prevalence of COVID-19 infection at present, then at each phase transition there is a basis for discussing whether the opening can be differentiated between the regions, among others, in relation to the public sector.

The parties note that in the coming weeks, the government will implement the testing strategy, including focusing on effective infection detection of close contacts and isolation of infected.

The parties note that if the epidemic flares up, the government can deviate from the overall plan, including with necessary restrictions, etc.

A decision has yet to be made on when to reopen the borders again (the Government is currently in dialogue with the neighbouring countries). The agreement between the parties of the Parliament states it will be announced before June 1.

https://www.regeringen.dk/nyheder/2020/aftale-om-plan-for-genaabning-af-danmark/?fbclid=IwAR1wI0DWe58yKKQ7RpAVOUOSFu9TaSKET4P8RtclK7q0goU6W2V8pti146U

May 10: The distancing requirement is reduced from 2 to 1 meter in accordance with general WHO guidelines and practice in several neighboring countries. This is important as shopping centers, schools, sports facilities etc. will re-open as part of phase 2 (https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Forebyggelse-af-smittespredning/Forebyggelse-af-smittespredning-publikation.ashx?la=da&hash=FD3E64042EEDB7A6C3305BD37A003B5B58B1BC79).


On May 20, a large majority of the parliament agreed to add more elements to the agreement of May 7 on Phase 2 of the re-opening:

Phase 2 from May 11/18 – supplements in the agreement of May 20 implemented immediately or later on

The following may re-open at once:
Culture and activities:
- Museums, theatres, galleries, cinemas, public aquariums
- Zoological and botanical gardens not included in the agreement of May 7
- Public amusement parks and summer activities for children and young people
Research:
- Public research which necessitate the researchers’ presence at specific places
Education:
- Adult education
- High schools and other facilities for education of young people (universities are not included)
- Universities: only verbal exams and education where physical presence of students and teachers is absolutely necessaryAssociations
- Evening courses
- Music teaching (restrictions on choirs)

Health authorities are going to revise restrictions on visits to nursing homes, hospices, psychiatric institutions ,etc., with an eye to abolish restrictions which are not absolutely necessary.

From May 25, close relatives and owners of summerhouses living in the Nordic countries or Germany will be allowed to enter Denmark. So far, they will still be asked to self-quarantine for 14 days after their arrival.


From May 27, the public sector in the west of the Great Belt (three out of five regions) will be allowed to re-open offices. This distinction reflects a much higher indicence of COVID-19 in the eastern part of the country, including the Capital Region.

Phase 3 – June 8 or later – supplements in the agreement of May 20

Health authorities will prepare a plan for re-opening in-door sport facilities in Phase 3 and recommendations on weddings and other parties. Restrictions on assemblies will be eased gradually by June 8 (to 30-50 persons depending on the incidence of COVID-19), July 8 and August 8. Restrictions will probably differ by the kind of assembly.

The Statens Serum Institut will follow the incidence of COVID-19, and the majority in the Paliament may revise the agreement, if the incidence increases
(http://www.stm.dk/multimedia/Aftale.pdf).

From June 15, all flight passengers at Danish airports must wear a face mask from their arrival at a Danish airport until the flight is over. At the same time, airlines have the opportunity to sell all seats on the planes based on the Danish requirement of only at least 1 meter between each person. The rules apply so far without an expiry date (https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/politik/flypassagerer-i-danske-lufthavne-skal-baere-mundbind?app_mode=true).


Third phase of re-opening the Danish society started Monday June 8. The following are now allowed to reopen/be resumed:
                    - Sports facilities
                    - Swimming pools
                    - Training and fitness centers
                    - Outdoor amusement parks, including Tivoli and Legoland - with restrictions
                    - Indoor leisure activities and playgrounds for children
                    - Summer activities for children and adolescents
                    - Weddings and other events may be up to 500 persons, if taking place in a restaurant
                    - Conferences and general assemblies may also be up to 500 persons if adhering to specific guidelines
                    - Football/soccer league games may have up to 500 spectators if adhering to specific guidelines
                    - The limit for other types of assemblies is raised to 50 persons
(https://kum.dk/fileadmin/KUM/Documents/COVID-19_DOX/Aftale_om_yderligere_genaabning_af_indendoers_idraets-_og_foreningsliv.pdf).

A new ministerial order eases restrictions on visits to nursing homes and hospitals starting June 11.  The following  conditions now apply:
    - Visits should primarily be outdoors, and it is no longer possible to prohibit outdoor visits
    - Visits can take place indoors in critical situations
    - Visits can take place indoors, but only for 1-2 regular visitors appointed by the nursing home inhabitant, if outdoor meetings are impossible
    - A regular accompanying person can participate in treatment, examination or consultation in hospitals
    - Test are available for voluntary use before visits to nursing homes/hospitals
(https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/Juni/Gradvis-genaabning-paa-plejehjem-og-sygehuse.aspx).

June 12: The Danish Health Authority has revised its guidelines on preventing infection with COVID-19 in nursing homes to include more types of institutions, including hospitals, and to implement the ministerial order of June 11 (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Saadan-kan-plejehjem-og-sygehuse-forebygge-smitte-med-COVID-19-ved-besoeg).

June 12: The Ministry of Culture will allow three experiments with football matches with more than 500 spectators
(https://kum.dk/nyheder-og-presse/pressemeddelelser/nyheder/forsoeg-med-flere-tilskuere-til-tre-fodboldkampe/1/1/).

June 17: The Danish Health Authority published advice on how to reduce the risk of infection when celebrating private parties (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Det-er-muligt-at-holde-fester-men-husk-de-generelle-anbefalinger).

June 19: The Danish health authorities and the Ministry of Education have published new guidelines for educational institutions lifting the requirements for distancing if necessary for the individual institutions in order to follow normal instructions for teaching. These will become effective after the summer holidays (https://www.uvm.dk/aktuelt/nyheder/uvm/2020/jun/200619-nye-retningslinjer-for-dagtilbud-skoler-og-institutioner-er-paa-plads).

June 29: The government published guidelines on visits to nursing homes, hospitals, etc. Basically, from July 2 visitors will be free to visit nursing homes, hospitals, etc., as long as they follow the National Health Authority’s advice on preventing the spread of COVID-19. In the case of local outbreaks, the Danish Patient Safety Authority may introduce temporary restrictions on acess/visits to prevent the spread of the disease  (https://sum.dk/Aktuelt/Nyheder/Coronavirus/2020/Juni/Regeringen-aabner-endnu-mere-op-for-besoeg-paa-blandt-andet-plejehjem-og-sygehuse.aspx).
        
July 9: The Danish Health Authority published a leaflet that recommends citizens to wear a protective mask to protect others in four cases: 1) if the citizen is infected or has symptoms of COVID-19 and need to disrupt self-isolation due to transport to and from the hospital; 2) if the citizen is on the way home from, for example, the airport after a trip to a high-risk area abroad to go to self-isolation; 3) if the citizen is in close contact with someone who is infected and need to break self-isolation due to transport to and from the test center; 4) if the citizen is a relative of a person at increased risk and cannot keep the distance to the person, e.g. because the person is in need of care and attention (https://www.sst.dk/-/media/Udgivelser/2020/Corona/Mundbind/25875_SST_Corona_Mundbindindsats_Folder_A5_Digital_0907.ashx?la=da&hash=5071DD0BDC62023449D1829D624EACCAD3668414).

July 31: The Danish Health Authority has expanded the recommendations regarding protective masks to also include public transport when recommended distancing is not possible, and people are now advised to purchase protective masks and keep them for use whenever necessary (https://www.sst.dk/da/Nyheder/2020/Et-mundbind-i-tasken-er-en-god-ide_-naar-der-er-traengsel-i-den-kollektive-trafik).

August 5: Pre-booking of seats is no longer required by the National Danish Railways (DSB) when traveling in regional and intercity trains. This is motivated by the advise (July 31) by the Danish Health Authorities to wear masks in public transport when recommended distancing is not possible (https://www.dsb.dk/coronavirus/pladskrav/).

August 6: The Government has decided not to raise the maximum limit of people in assemblies without seating from 100 to 200 as originally planned for August 8. This is motivated by the increasing number of persons infected in Denmark (https://politiken.dk/indland/art7879083/Stigende-smitte-bremser-lempelse-af-forsamlingsforbud).