4. Paying for services
Adequate funding for health is important to manage the excess demands on the health system. This section considers how countries are PAYING FOR COVID-19 SERVICES. Health financing describes how much is spent on health and the distribution of health spending across different service areas. The section also describes who is covered for COVID-19 testing and treatment, whether there are any notable gaps (in population coverage and service coverage), and how much people pay (if at all) for those services out-of-pocket.
4.1 Health financing
Since the outbreak of the pandemic, additional financial support has been provided to the Ministry of Health for the recruitment of healthcare personnel, purchase of medical supplies and personal protective equipment (PPE), reinforcement of laboratory testing capacity and increase in number of Intensive Care Units, all in effort to contain the spread of COVID-19. Till mid-June 2020, overall, supplementary budget allocation for COVID-related health expenditure amounted to a total of € 234 million.
In addition, a significant amount of funding has been directed to the Ministry of Health through cash and in-kind donations of € 128 million in total by November 2020, as well as projects from European programs amounting to at least € 463 million, a large bulk of which remains within the implementation phases and are currently being further progressed.