4. Paying for services
Adequate funding for health is important to manage the excess demands on the health system. This section considers how countries are PAYING FOR COVID-19 SERVICES. Health financing describes how much is spent on health and the distribution of health spending across different service areas. The section also describes who is covered for COVID-19 testing and treatment, whether there are any notable gaps (in population coverage and service coverage), and how much people pay (if at all) for those services out-of-pocket.
4.1 Health financing
The health system in Iceland is mainly publicly funded (almost 82% public and about 17% out-of-pocket payments), tax-based, state-run system. According to the Act no.19/1997 on Health Security and Communicable Diseases, all costs incurred by disease outbreaks, epidemic and pandemics are covered by the national budget. Likewise, all costs related to the testing of reportable diseases, such as SARS-CoV-2 is covered by the state. Extra payments for extra worked hours under high pressure are being considered. In case of need of additional funds to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic, these will be decided upon and provided by the government budget.
State of Health in the EU- Iceland: Country Health Profile 2019. https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/state/docs/2019_chp_is_english.pdf
Althingi (The Parliament in Iceland), Act no. 19/1997 on Health Security and Communicable Diseases. [ENGLISH]https://www.government.is/library/04-Legislation/Act%20on%20Health%20Security%20and%20Communicable%20Diseases%20as%20amended%202018.pdf