Policy responses for Kazakhstan - HSRM

Kazakhstan


Policy responses for Kazakhstan

1.3 Isolation and quarantine

Quarantine measures were first implemented on 19-Mar-20, in Almaty and Nur-Sultan. Further quarantine and lock-down measures were imposed on a number of other cities and regions across the country between 30-Mar-20 and 30-Apr-20.

• 19-Mar-20: On 19 March in the cities of Nur-Sultan and Almaty, by the decision of the State Commission for ensuring the state of emergency, a quarantine was introduced which included restrictions on the entry and exit of people. Along the perimeter of Almaty there are 27 roadblocks. There are no restrictions on movement inside the cities

• 22-Mar-20: The entrances and exits from Almaty and Nur-Sultan have been completely blocked, including for air and rail services

• 20-Mar-20: Several residential complexes and high-rise buildings were isolated in Almaty after detection of the coronavirus in residents. Territories of houses were cordoned off, a checkpoint was installed around the perimeter. According to the rules of quarantine, none of the residents could leave the residential complex or receive guests

• 24-Mar-20: To exclude possible infection and prevent the spread of infection, the MoH recommends that citizens of Almaty limit their movement around the city and stay at home during the quarantine period.

• 24-Mar-20: The Ministry of Digital Development, together with the MoH launched services to monitor the situation of coronavirus. Citizens will have access to an interactive map, which contains information about the places of registration of citizens who had contact with the infected and are in home or stationary quarantine

• 28-Mar-20: By the decision of the State Commission for the state of emergency, the quarantine had been strengthened: in Nur-Sultan and Almaty, the exit of citizens from their places of residence became limited, with the exception of the purchase of food, medicine and going to work. All crowded places were closed, public transport is limited.

• 26-Mar-20: Intercity and suburban routes have been suspended. Buses in the capital from will only travel until 19:00

• 30-Mar-20: A quarantine was placed in Atyrau and Karaganda, with its satellite cities of Abay, Saran, Temirtau, Shakhtinsk

• 31-Mar-20: The entrance to the Kostanay region was closed

• 31-Mar-20: A quarantine was introduced to the Akmola and West Kazakhstan region, and a number of restrictive measures were established in the city of Shymkent and the regions of Aktobe and Zhambyl, including closing the entrance and exit from the region

• 01-Apr-20: quarantine was placed in Pavlodar and North Kazakhstan regions.

• 02-Apr-20: Entry and exit to the quarantine zone of the Karaganda Region was completely closed, and the activities of airports, air and railway stations have been discontinued

• 02-Apr-20: A quarantine was introduced to the cities of Ust-Kamenogorsk and Semey

• 02-Apr-20: Additional restrictive measures have been introduced in the Kordai District which are a ban on grazing and the use of public transport

• 30-Apr-20: The village of Zarechny is closed for quarantine

• 30-Apr-20: the chief state sanitary officer of the district on the territory of the city of Zharkent introduced a quarantine regime

• 30-May-2020: passenger transportation within the country by all modes of transport, and the operation of public transport without restrictions in accordance with algorithms was resumed

• 5-July-2020: Strict quarantine measures were introduced on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan according to State sanitary doctor decree №44 of 3 July 2020

• 14-July-2020: The Prime Minister of Kazakhstan, Askar Mamin, announced that the lockdown in the country is extended from 20 July till 2 August (https://www.zakon.kz/5031785-lokdaun-prodlen-v-kazahstane-do-2.html)

• 25-Dec-2020: Quarantine and compliance with the sanitary and disinfection regime in medical organizations and social facilities for older people and people with disabilities, orphanages, social rehabilitation centers, educational institutions for children with disabilities. Potential parents are allowed to visit orphanages and children's homes to meet with orphans for their further adoption, guardianship, or custody when the potential parents provide a document on their laboratory examination for COVID-19 by PCR method with a negative result. Entertainment, sporting events, exhibitions, forums, conferences, as well as family events (banquets, weddings, anniversaries, memorials), including at home and other events with mass gatherings are prohibited; entertainment activities (children's playgrounds and indoor attractions,  etc.) activities of pre-school institutions are banned for children from December 25, 2020, to January 5, 2021, collective celebration of New Year is banned; departure of athletes to participate in training camps and competitions outside of Kazakhstan is prohibited.

Entry screening and isolation or quarantine

24-Jan-20: Almaty International Airport staff and Almaty medical brigades had a medical exercise. The situation where a plane arrives from China with an infected passenger was simulated

26-Jan-20: Sanitary and epidemiological control at checkpoints across the border was strengthened, and training exercises were held. In addition, medical monitoring was provided for people arriving from China

02-Feb-20: 83 Kazakhs were evacuated from the Chinese city of Wuhan, where the COVID-19 pandemic began, of which 80 were students. After being inspected, the arrivals were placed in quarantine for 14 days in a specially designated building at the multidisciplinary hospital that was located 7 km from Nur-Sultan

20-Feb-20: All persons arriving from countries with any reported cases of COVID shall be grouped into one of three categories, with specific measures to be applied to each group. These measures range from home quarantine for 14 days to 14 days of medical supervision at home to remote monitoring by phoning for 24 days

01-Mar-20: The Ministry of Health introduced the fourth stage of strengthening. Travelers arrival from category 1a countries were placed in quarantine for 14 days, and under medical supervision for 10 days. People arriving from category 1b countries were placed in home quarantine for 14 days. By the decision of the sanitary service, these arrivals could be quarantined in a medical facility. People arriving from countries of the second category were under medical supervision at home for 14 days, followed by a 10-day call. Others who arrived from countries of the third category were remotely monitored for 24 days

12-Mar-20: Visitors arriving from the UK, the Netherlands, and Switzerland are subject to medical supervision at the place of residence (stay) over phone calls by an employee of primary health care for a period of 14 days from the date of border crossing of the Republic of Kazakhstan

01-Apr-20: Mandatory isolation for 2 days for those coming from other countries, to conduct testing for COVID-19. If negative results, home quarantine for 12 days. Exceptions are: holders of diplomatic passports, crew members or air-line companies and rail roads. Holder of diplomatic passports and their family members will be tested for COVID-19

22-May-20: Isolation in a quarantine stationary for laboratory examination on COVID-19 up to 2 days of all persons arriving from abroad to the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as persons arriving from the EEEC countries and the Republic of Uzbekistan through the checkpoints at the State border of the Republic of Kazakhstan on railway transport and road crossings, except for the government delegations of the Republic of Kazakhstan; members of official delegations of foreign states and international organizations arriving in the Republic of Kazakhstan at the invitation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan

25-Dec-2020: Citizens of Kazakhstan who arrived from abroad without negative result of a PCR test for COVID-19 taken 72 hours before arrival should be quarantined in hospitals; persons with elevated body temperature arriving from abroad should be hospitalized for laboratory examination for COVID-19

Quarantine or other measures for suspected cases at entry into the country

According to the Chief State Sanitary Doctor's Decree No. 42 of 24 June 2020, activities in respect of persons arriving by flights from abroad to the Republic of Kazakhstan are сarried out in the following order:
Restrictive measures for people who arrived by international passenger flights from abroad to the Republic of Kazakhstan are carried out in accordance with Annex 1 to this decree, except for airline crews;
Passengers in international transit should be checked at their final destination;
Persons with elevated body temperature are subject to isolation in a provisional hospital for up to 2 days for laboratory examination of COVID-19;
Upon receipt of the results of the laboratory examination for COVID-19, persons with positive results are transferred to an infectious disease hospital; persons with negative results for COVID-19 are informed about possible symptoms of COVID-19

According to the Chief State Sanitary Doctor's Decree No. 42 of 24 June 2020:All persons arriving to the Republic of Kazakhstan from the EAEC countries and the Republic of Uzbekistan through the checkpoints at railway, sea and river transport and road crossings of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall pass thermometry and survey; members of locomotive crews, persons connected with transportation activities on railway, sea and river transport and drivers carrying out international road transportation of goods shall pass the survey.
Persons with body temperature within the limits of the norm shall be explained about possible symptoms of COVID-19 and receive a relevant receipt in accordance with Annex 4 to this Regulation. Also they shall continue to follow their destination; persons with elevated body temperature shall be placed in a provision hospital for up to 2 days for laboratory examination on COVID-19;
Upon receipt of the results of the COVID-19 laboratory examination, persons with positive results will be transferred to an infectious disease hospital; persons with negative results on COVID-19 will be explained about possible symptoms of COVID-19 and receive an appropriate acknowledgement in accordance with Annex 4 to this Regulation.

According to the Chief State Sanitary Doctor's Decree No. 53 of 16 September 2020, all persons arriving in the Republic of Kazakhstan from the EAEC countries and the Republic of Uzbekistan through the checkpoints at the state border of the Republic of Kazakhstan on railway, sea, river transport and road crossings (except for some persons) should undergo thermometry, a survey and submit a certificate of examination on COVID-19 with a negative result of laboratory examination by PCR method not older than 5 days.  In the absence of a certificate, arrived persons are subject to laboratory examination for COVID-19 by PCR. Arrived persons with elevated body temperature, regardless of the certificate, should be isolated in an accommodation facility for up to 2 days for laboratory examination on COVID-19. After receiving the results of the laboratory examination for COVID-19, persons with a positive result are transferred to an infectious disease hospital.