Policy responses for Republic of Moldova - HSRM

Republic of Moldova


Policy responses for Republic of Moldova

6. Measures in other sectors

6.1 Measures in other sectors

Many MEASURES IN OTHER SECTORS beyond the immediate scope of the health system are being taken to prevent further spread of the virus. This section contains information on many of these areas, including border and travel restrictions and economic and fiscal measures, among others.

6. Measures in other sectors

6.1 Measures in other sectors

Many MEASURES IN OTHER SECTORS beyond the immediate scope of the health system are being taken to prevent further spread of the virus. This section contains information on many of these areas, including border and travel restrictions and economic and fiscal measures, among others.

From 1 July, the country’s only low cost carrier gradually resumed scheduled and charter flights to all 14 destinations. The Moldovan civil aviation resumed regular passenger flights/charter flights from 15 June. Some land borders began to reopen to international rail and auto traffic as of 26 May.

As of 13 July, the NCES has reissued a State of Public Health Emergency effective until 31 July. Entry/exit restrictions have been extended through 31 July. Entrants are required to complete a 14-day quarantine upon arrival. No PCR test is required. Most foreign citizens will still not be permitted to enter the country until 31 July 2020. 

During 20 meetings of NCES, a series of restrictive measures were endorsed. All regular flights from/to the Republic of Moldova, except charter flights were suspended. Trains between Republic of Moldova and Ukraine and between Republic of Moldova and Moscow will be suspended from 17 March in order to prevent the spread the virus. For land crossings, in coordination with Ukrainian and Romanian counterparts, 17 out of 81 Points of Entry are open – 11 with Ukraine and 6 with Romania. Listed categories of people, including Moldovan citizens, are permitted to enter the country, but entry screening (temperature screening and completing an EPI form) in in place and passengers are informed about the need to self-isolate for 14 days.

With the start of community transmission, a quarantine regime (full lockdown) was introduced in 4 districts and a couple of institutions / buildings in Chisinau. From 08:00 on 9 April 2020 in Talmaza village, Ştefan Voda district due to a localised outbreak and from 08:00 on 14 April 2020 in the city of Glodeni.

International and interurban transport were suspended from 10 March, public transport in urban areas is restricted for some hours during working days and during weekends. From March 23, buses and trolleybuses in Chisinau will only be in use from 5.30 to 10.00 and from 16.00 to 20.00. The rest of the time, public transport will not operate. The mayor has also requested that private minivans (marshrutki), also follow the same schedule.

The Government of the Republic of Moldova decided to offer fiscal support for enterprises and individuals, as well as postponing interest on loans. For businesses which stopped their activities due to the pandemic, the government has announced state subsidies to cover social and health insurance contributions and other taxes.  For patent holders who ceased their activities during the state of emergency, an exemption from patent payment has been guaranteed. An extension period for payment for all types of local taxes until the end of July is foreseen. Tax audits have been suspended.

A range of additional packages of socio-economic measures to support the population and businesses during the state of emergency was approved on 21 April. The measures include an increase in the amount of unemployment benefit by almost 55% and the extension of eligibility criteria for unemployment benefits. The large number of labour migrants returned to the country after losing their jobs abroad will be automatically entitled to this social allowance. The state safety net level (minimum guaranteed monthly income), designed to support low income families, has been increased by almost 20%. A mortgage guarantee programme has also been put in place.

Education has moved to using alternative on-line education platforms from 7 April. For households without Internet access lessons have been filmed and will be broadcast on television through September.

The President signed a decree on 24 March for the national army to help the police patrol public places and to contribute military doctors and hospitals. Following the decree the head of the army said that the army is ready to provide 1,500 soldiers and 160 patrol cars.