1. Preventing transmission
The section on PREVENTING TRANSMISSION includes information on key public health measures that aim to prevent the further spread of the disease. It details how countries are advising the general public and people who (might) have the disease to prevent further spread, as well as measures in place to test and identify cases, trace contacts, and monitor the scale of the outbreak.
1.1 Health communication
From 24th January 2020, Monaco was conscious of the evolution of the epidemic worldwide, although the Principality was not yet directly affected. In preparation, a centralized call service within the Direction of Health Action was set up to answer questions from citizens and professionals and to deal with individual situations (such as suspected infection, return from a high-risk zone, etc.).
On 26 February 2020, the Prince's Government put in place the first official preventive measures to fight the spread of COVID-19. This was introduction of isolation measures in fourteen places in the event of return from high-risk zones, and regular updating of these zones according to the evolution of the "clusters” and official recommendations aimed at avoiding any private and/or professional travel to high-risk zones. The Prince's Government also widely disseminated public preventative measures to be taken and the action to be taken in the event of suspicion of infection, through the preparation and publication of "reflex sheets" on websites (including the creation of a dedicated website) and official social networks, paper posters and daily official communication with the public via internet channels. A special television programme was also broadcast on the local television channel. This was followed by the first distribution of equipment kits (masks, alcohol-based disinfectant products, protective glasses, etc.) to health professionals: first to doctors and nurses, and then to all other health professionals.
On 28th February 2020, the first case of SARS-COVID-19 contamination was confirmed in a Monégasque resident.
Due to the rapid spread of the epidemic, the notion of high-risk zones was abandoned on 20 March 2020 by the authorities.
Since 6 March 2020, the call service has been perpetuated by the creation of the COVID-19 Call Centre (epidemic information and management service). This is a dedicated telephone platform made up of staff from the Direction of Health Action, first-aid workers from the Monégasque Red Cross and a supervising doctor.
On 23rd March 2020, a Home Patient Monitoring Centre was set up to monitor the medical, psychological and social state of people diagnosed with Covid-19 but with few symptoms or presenting symptoms and therefore confined to their homes.