6. Measures in other sectors
6.1 Measures in other sectors
Many MEASURES IN OTHER SECTORS beyond the immediate scope of the health system are being taken to prevent further spread of the virus. This section contains information on many of these areas, including border and travel restrictions and economic and fiscal measures, among others.
The Government of Montenegro issued many measures in other sectors (available online at https://www.coronainfocg.me/me/naredbe and http://www.gov.me/en/homepage/measures_and_recommendations/ ), with some of them still active.
With regard to international borders, restrictions began on 13 March, when the number of points of entry was reduced, followed by a ban on the arrival of international foreign travellers (except in certain conditions and circumstances) on 15 March.
Three Montenegrin areas (the village of Biokovac near Bijelo Polje; the town of Tuzi (near the capital Podgorica) and two parts of Podgorica (Konik and Vrela Ribnicka) were in lockdown during April because of identified clusters. Citizens in all three areas respected the lockdown measures and there was a significant reduction in the number of new cases. After 28 days, all areas were released from lockdown.
All decisions taken by the Government of Montenegro (arranged chronologically) are available online at the website of the Parliament of Montenegro: http://www.skupstina.me/index.php/en/ostale-aktuelnosti/item/4316-new-provisional-measures-to-protect-citizens-against-coronavirus .
Several measures have been reinstated in June 2020 owing to the worsening epidemiological situation caused by imported cases (mainly from Serbia). The majority of measures have been reinstated in the areas that have suffered the most during the resurgence of COVID-19: the municipalities of Pljevlja, Andrijevica, Plav Berane, Bijelo Polje, Gusinje, Petnjica and Rozaje (all located in the north region of the country) (available online at https://www.coronainfocg.me/me/naredbe).
The Operative Headquarters for support to the economy introduced a number of measures. The first set of measures included the following (available online at http://www.gov.me/vijesti/223087/Vlada-CG-donijela-vise-ekonomskih-mjera-Cilj-je-olaksavanje-zivota-gradanima-i-pomoc-privredi-u-vrijeme-pandemije-koronavirusa.html):
• a moratorium on loan returns for 90 days in all banks, micro-credit institutions and investment funds
• a delay of income tax for 90 days
• new loans issued by the Investment and Development Fund of Montenegro to all companies related to healthcare (purchasing drugs, medical equipment etc.), food and transport (because of their necessity during the epidemic), as well as tourism (which is the main source of income in Montenegro)
• financial aid for people receiving minimal retirement income and for social welfare recipients (50 EUR for each person in these categories)
• delay of rent payment for objects owned by the state for 90 days
A second set of measures included (available online at http://www.gov.me/vijesti/223997/Premijer-Markovic-predstavio-II-Vladin-paket-ekonomskih-mjera-71-4-miliona-bruto-fiskalni-efekat-podrske-gradanima-i-privredi-u.html):
• cancelling electricity bills for workers in the companies that did not work during the epidemic
• further support to the agriculture and fishing industries from the Investment and Development Fund of Montenegro
• financial aid for unemployed people
• facilitated tax refunds
On 17 June 2020, the third set of measures was announced, to be divided into several steps to support various industries, tourism etc.
The Government of Montenegro continues to work on additional support plans for tourism and other branches that are hit by the economic slowdown.