Policy responses for Poland - HSRM

Poland


Policy responses for Poland

1.3 Isolation and quarantine

Persons with a positive RT-PCR or antigen test result for SARS-CoV-2 must remain in isolation for at least 10 days. Positive test result is attributed to the citizen’s ID (PESEL) and such person must start isolation. General practitioner can decide about prolongation of isolation due to clinical characteristics of the patient’s COVID-19 symptoms. Information about citizens who are subjected isolation and quarantine are registered by special IT system called EWP. Other members of household who live together with an isolating person must stay in quarantine for 7 days after the end of isolation of the sick person. Anybody who has or had contact with a person who is suffering from coronavirus infection or with a suspected case must be quarantined for 10 days from the day of contact. Decisions on isolation are is issued by the county sanitary inspection stations. If there are epidemiological concerns, the period of quarantine may be extended. Police and state security services systematically check places of home isolation and quarantines.

According to the decision of the Council of Ministers flight traffic to the countries with 14-day cumulative number of COVID-19 cases per 100,000 people exceeding 270 has been suspended since early November (see ‘Tansition measures: Measures in other sectors’). This excludes Member States of the European Union, the European Economic Area, the Schengen Area and Ukraine however citizens of Ukraine must stay in quarantine  for 10 days after crossing the Polish border.

Sources:
https://www.gov.pl/web/dyplomacja/informacje-dla-podrozujacych [access 14.11.2020]
https://www.gov.pl/web/dyplomacja/komunikat-msz-dotyczacy-rozporzadzenia-ws-zakazow-w-ruchu-lotniczym [access 14.11.2020]
https://www.strazgraniczna.pl/pl/cudzoziemcy/covid-epidemia-koronawi/8572,Epidemia-koronawirusa-zasady-wjazdu-i-pobytu-na-terytorium-RP-oraz-specjalne-roz.html [access 14.11.2020]

Since the first evacuation of Poles from China (end of January), some people were put under epidemiological supervision. This involves observation of an infected person or person with a suspected infection, without limiting their freedom of movement, performing sanitary-epidemiological tests on that person in order to detect biological pathogens or confirming the diagnosis of an infectious disease.
 
Anybody who has had contact with a person who is suffering from coronavirus infection or with a suspected case must be quarantined for two weeks from the day of contact. Decisions on isolation and quarantine are issued by county sanitary inspectors on the basis of performed epidemiological investigations. County sanitary inspectors also organize testing for people in quarantines. If there are epidemiological concerns, they can extend the period of quarantine. Quarantine or isolation usually takes place at the person’s place of residence or, in special cases, in places designated by the local authorities. It is mandatory for the quarantined persons to use a special mobile application for tracking their movements. People isolated and quarantined at their homes are regularly visited by the police or other security services. A fine of up to PLN 30,000 may be levied for non-compliance with quarantine restrictions.

Since 15 March any person returning from abroad is subject to mandatory quarantine at home for a period of 14 days (see also Section 6, border controls).   The quarantine also includes other members of the household. Quarantine does not apply to road transport drivers (TIR and BUSy).
 
Some hotels, hostels, dorms and sanatoriums (nominated by provincial authorities – voivodeships) have been converted into special isolation facilities to accommodate people who cannot quarantine at home (e.g. so as to not expose vulnerable household members to infection). These isolated patients are provided with medical care and meals, with the National Health Fund covering the cost. These facilities are close by to hospitals (or other medical facilities that have infectious diseases departments) and the medical personnel of these hospitals provide care for these isolated patients, who are not allowed contact with other people.
 
The following cases are eligible for stays at isolation facilities:
· people with a mild COVID-19 infection who do not require hospital treatment;
· people suspected of contracting an infection (people who were referred by a doctor for treatment or laboratory diagnostics for SARS-CoV-2 virus in isolation outside the hospital and are awaiting diagnosis);
· people ordered by a doctor to isolate at home, but cannot do so due to the possibility of infecting vulnerable household members in increased-risk groups (e.g. elderly, people with reduced immunity);
· people ordered isolation by a doctor to isolate at home but for other reasons cannot do so at their place of residence.
  
Sources:
https://www.gov.pl/web/koronawirus.  [access online: 17.04.2020]
http://dziennikustaw.gov.pl/D2020000067301.pdf [access online 17.04.2020]
https://www.gov.pl/web/koronawirus/nowa-normalnosc-etapy [access online 17.04.2020]
https://www.gov.pl/web/koronawirus/nowe-terminy-egzaminow-maturalnego-i-osmoklasisty-przedluzamy-zamkniecie-przedszkoli-i-zlobkow-oraz-szkol-i-uczelni [access online 30.04.2020]
https://dziennikbaltycki.pl/probny-egzamin-osmoklasisty-2020-okazal-sie-niewypalem-decyzja-w-sprawie-egzaminow-wlasciwych-nadal-niepodjeta/ar/c5-14893555 [access online 01.05.2020]
https://www.gov.pl/web/koronawirus/dodatkowy-zasilek-opiekunczy-wydluzony [access online 30.04.2020]
https://www.gov.pl/web/koronawirus/od-6-maja-mozliwe-otwarcie-zlobkow-i-przedszkoli-co-z-dodatkowym-zasilkiem-opiekunczym [access online 30.04.2020]
https://www.gov.pl/web/koronawirus/w-tym-roku-mamy-wiecej-czasu-na-zlozenie-pit--sprawdz-jak-to-zrobic [access online 30.04.2020]
https://wiadomosci.gazeta.pl/wiadomosci/7,173952,25902914,z-dziecmi-tego-pana-sie-nie-bawcie-bo-maja-wirusa-zaraza.html [access online 30.04.2020]
https://www.strazgraniczna.pl/pl/aktualnosci/8557,Koronawirus-zmiany-na-granicy.html [access online 14.07.2020]
https://www.gov.pl/web/koronawirus/kolejny-etap [access online 30.04.2020]
http://dziennikustaw.gov.pl/D2020000073401.pdf [access online 30.04.2020]
https://www.gov.pl/web/koronawirus/premier-znosimy-kolejne-ograniczenia-otwieramy-boiska-wraca-ekstraklasa [access online 01.05.2020]
https://gis.gov.pl/aktualnosci/koronawirus-co-trzeba-wiedziec-o-kwarantannie/ [access online 30.04.2020]