1. Preventing transmission
The section on PREVENTING TRANSMISSION includes information on key public health measures that aim to prevent the further spread of the disease. It details how countries are advising the general public and people who (might) have the disease to prevent further spread, as well as measures in place to test and identify cases, trace contacts, and monitor the scale of the outbreak.
1.1 Health communication
Since the end of January, advice on hand hygiene and respiratory etiquette has been widely disseminated, and people are advised to stay 1.5 meter away from each other. The Ministry of Health strongly recommends the use of masks, gloves and hand sanitiser for employees in contact with the public. On 6 May, wearing masks was compulsory in 68 regions. Wearing face masks and gloves on public transport, in taxis and in shops is compulsory in Moscow from 12 May and strongly recommended in all public places.
At the beginning of March, official hotlines, websites and social media networks were put in place, targeting both the general population and medical professionals. They provide detailed information on the outbreak, on legislative and practical measures taken at the federal and regional level, as well as recommendations for individual prevention and access to health services.
A dedicated website “stop coronavirus” стопкоронавирус.рф was established as the central information website for the country. Dedicated webpages were also set up by the MOH (https://www.rosminzdrav.ru/ministry/covid19), the Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing (Rospotrebnadzor, https://www.rospotrebnadzor.ru/about/info/news_time/news_details.php?ELEMENT_ID=13566) and the Russian Government (http://government.ru/rugovclassifier/667/events/). Gosuslugi, the website facilitating the use of public services also created a specific coronavirus webpage. Regular updates are provided through mainstream and social media and these channels are also used to address false information about COVID-19.
There is administrative and penal liability for disseminating false information about COVID-19, with sentences going up to two million RUB fines and five years of imprisonment.